Wednesday, October 29, 2014

Datura Stramonium - Scopolamine






May 12, 2012, Mail Online, The most dangerous drug in the world: 'Devil's Breath' chemical from Colombia can block free will, wipe memory and even kill, by Beth Stebner,


When VICE initially asked me to go down to Colombia to dig into this scopolamine story, I was pretty excited. I had only a vague understanding of the drug, but the idea of a substance that renders a person incapable of exercising free will seemed liked a recipe for hilarity and the YouTube hall of fame. I even spent a little time brainstorming the various ways I could transport some of it back to the states and had a pretty good list going of different ways to utilize it on my buddies. The original plan was for me to sample the drug myself to really get an idea of the effect it had on folks. The producer and camera man had flown down to Bogota ahead of me to confirm some meetings and start laying down the groundwork. By the time I arrived a few days later, things had changed dramatically. Their first few days in the country had apparently been such a harrowing montage of freaked-out dealers and unimaginable horror stories about scopolamine that we decided I was absolutely not going to be doing the drug. All elements of humor and novelty were rapidly stripped away during my first few days in town. After meeting only a couple people with firsthand experience, the story took a far darker turn than we ever could have imagined, and the scopolamine pranks I had originally imagined pulling on my friends seemed beyond naive and absurd. By the time we were wrapping things up and preparing to leave the country, I couldn’t wait to get as far away from Colombia and that drug as possible. Apologies for a fleeting moment of sincerity, but looking back, I’m pretty proud of the work we did down there. This story, and the people who tell it, truly deserve to be heard.

—VICE Correspondent Ryan Duffy



Scopolamine often blown into faces of victims or added to drinks

Within minutes, victims are like 'zombies' - coherent, but with no free will

Some victims report emptying bank accounts to robbers or helping them pillage own house

Drug is made from borrachero tree, which is common in Colombia

A hazardous drug that eliminates free will and can wipe the memory of its victims is currently being dealt on the streets of Colombia.

The drug is called scopolamine, but is colloquially known as ‘The Devil’s Breath,' and is derived from a particular type of tree common to South America.

Stories surrounding the drug are the stuff of urban legends, with some telling horror stories of how people were raped, forced to empty their bank accounts, and even coerced into giving up an organ.

Scroll down for video



Danger: 'The Devil's Breath' is such a powerful drug that it can remove the capacity for free will



Deadly drug: Scopolamine is made from the Borrachero tree, which blooms with deceptively beautiful white and yellow flowers

VICE’s Ryan Duffy travelled to the country to find out more about the powerful drug. In two segments, he revealed the shocking culture of another Colombian drug world, interviewing those who deal the drug and those who have fallen victim to it.

Demencia Black, a drug dealer in the capital of Bogota, said the drug is frightening for the simplicity in which it can be administered.

He told Vice that Scopolamine can be blown in the face of a passer-by on the street, and within minutes, that person is under the drug’s effect - scopolamine is odourless and tasteless.

‘You can guide them wherever you want,’ he explained. ‘It’s like they’re a child.’

Black said that one gram of Scopolamine is similar to a gram of cocaine, but later called it ‘worse than anthrax.’

In high doses, it is lethal.



It only takes a moment: One drug dealer in Bogota explained how victims are drugged within minutes of exposure



Victims: One Colombian woman said that under the influence of scopolamine, she led a man to her house and helped him ransack it

The drug, he said, turns people into complete zombies and blocks memories from forming. So even after the drug wears off, victims have no recollection as to what happened.

One victim told Vice that a man approached her on the street asking her for directions. Since it was close by, she helped take the man to his destination, and they drank juice together.

'You can guide them wherever you want. It’s like they’re a child.'

She took the man to her house and helped him gather all of her belongings, including her boyfriend’s cameras and savings.

‘It is painful to have lost money,’ the woman said,’ but I was actually quite lucky.’

According to the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, the drug - also known as hyoscine - causes the same level of memory loss as diazepam.

In ancient times, the drug was given to the mistresses of dead Colombian leaders – they were told to enter their master’s grave, where they were buried alive.



Devil's Breath: The drug is odourless and tasteless and can simply be blown in the face of someone on the street; their free will vanishes after being exposed to it



Dangerous: Vice's Ryan Duffy traveled to the capital of Bogota to find out more about the drug

In modern times, the CIA used the drug as part of Cold War interrogations, with the hope of using it like a truth serum.

However, because of the drug's chemical makeup, it also induces powerful hallucinations.

The tree common around Colombia, and is called the ‘borrachero’ tree – loosely translated as the 'get-you-drunk' tree.

It is said that Colombian mothers warn their children not to fall asleep under the tree, though the leafy green canopies and large yellow and white flowers seem appealing.

Experts are baffled as to why Colombia is riddled with scopolamine-related crimes, but wager much of it has to do with the country’s torn drug-culture past, and on-going civil war.

Watch video here: WARNING: CONTENT MAY BE UNSUITABLE FOR SOME READERS





Read more:

Vice: Colombian's Devil's Breath Part 1

Vice: Colombian's Devil's Breath Part 2


Toxicity of Datura Stramonium, Enno Freye MD, PhD

Abstract



All Datura plants contain tropane alkaloids such as scopolamine, hyoscyamine, and atropine, primarily in their seeds and flowers. Because of the presence of these substances, Datura has been used for centuries in some cultures as a poison and hallucinogen [132, 133]. There can easily be a 5:1 variation in toxins from plant to plant, and a given plant’s toxicity depends on its age, where it is growing, and local weather conditions. These wide variations make Datura exceptionally hazardous to use as a drug. In traditional cultures, users needed to have a great deal of experience and detailed plant knowledge so that no harm resulted from using it. Such knowledge is not available in modern cultures, so many incidents result from ingesting Datura. In the 1990s and 2000s, containing stories of adolescents and young adults dying or becoming seriously ill from intentionally ingesting Datura, this explains why in some parts of Europe and India, Datura has been a popular poison for suicide and murder. From 1950 to 1965, the State Chemical Laboratories in Agra investigated 2,778 deaths that were caused by ingesting Datura [132].

Due to the potent combination of anticholinergic substances it contains, Datura intoxication typically produces effects similar to that of an anticholinergic delirium: a complete inability to differentiate reality from fantasy (frank delirium, as contrasted to hallucination); hyperthermia; tachycardia; bizarre, and possibly violent behavior; and severe mydriasis with resultant painful photophobia that can last several days. Pronounced amnesia is another commonly reported effect. No other substance has received as many “Train Wreck” severely negative experience reports as has Datura. The overwhelming majority of those who describe the use of Datura (and to a lesser extent, Belladonna, Brugmansia and Brunfelsia) find their experiences extremely mentally and physically unpleasant and not infrequently physically dangerous.



Karen Silkwood III


November 3, 1956, The New York Times, Stevenson Sees Cover-Up On Bomb; Says Administration Kept Secret Contamination of U.S. Milk by Strontium; Tells How to Find Out, Text of Statement Attachment; Letter From Dr. Evarts A Graham, October 27, 1956, St. Louis, TimesMachine, [Blog]
May 8, 1959, The New York Times, Study Minimizes Fall-Out Danger Advisers of AEC Report Radiation Is 5% of That From Natural Sources, by John W. Finney, TimesMachine, [Blog]
February 11, 1970, The New York Times, Colorado Atom Plant Is Called Radiation Hazard, by Anthony Ripley, [Blog]
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March 16, 1970, The New York Times, Radiation Standards Are Facing Review That Could Cripple Atomic Energy Projects, by Anthony Ripley,
August 25, 1974, The New York Times, AEC Penalizes Few Nuclear Facilities Despite Thousands of Safety Violations, by David Burnham, View original in TimesMachine
November 19, 1974, Los Angeles Times, page 2, Saxbe Asked to Probe Car Crash Death of Witness on Radiation,
November 19, 1974, New York Times, Death of Plutonium Worker Questioned by Union Official, by David Burnham,
November 20, 1974, Los Angeles Times, page A2, Death of Witness Spurs Call for Inquiry,
November 20, 1974, New York Times, Plutonium Plant Under Scrutiny; A.E.C. and Justice Agency Act on Allegations Over Death and False Data, by David Burnham,
November 21, 1974, New York Times, FBI to Study Plutonium Factory Critic's Death, by David Burnham,
November 21, 1974, The Washington Post, page A15, Plutonium Accident,
November 21, 1974, The New York Times, FBI to Study Plutonium Factory Critic's Death, by David Burnham,
November 22, 1974, New York Times, Atom Aide's Death Ruled Accidental; Idea Plant Safety Critic Was Forced Of Road. Rejected,
December 8, 1974, The Washington Post, page A3, Radiation Case Leads Reported,
December 19, 1974, New York Times, AEC Studies 3 Accidents at One Plant, by David Burnham,
December 24, 1974, New York Times, Atom Case Death Linked To a 2d Car; Was Hit in Rear, by David Burnham,

January 7, 1975, Los Angeles Times, page 10, AEC Reports Contamination Incident Appears Contrived,
January 7, 1975, New York Times, page 14, Nuclear Fuel Plant Disturbs Its Neighbors,
January 7, 1975, New York Times, page 14, A.E.C. Can't Say How Worker Swallowed Plutonium,
January 8, 1975, The New York Times, A.E.C Finds Evidence Supporting Charges of Health Hazards at Plutonium Processing Plant in Oklahoma, by David Burnham,January 20, 1975, Time, Environment: The Silkwood Mystery, [Text]
January 22, 1975, New York Times, page 10, Atom Worker Death Inquiry Disputed, by David Burnham,
March 30, 1975, New York Times, page 26, Congress Faces 3 Key Decisions On Nuclear Reactors, by David Burnham,
May 2, 1975, New York Times, page 15, Foul Play Doubted By F.B.I. In Death Of Atomic Worker, by David Burnham,
May 3, 1975, Los Angeles Times, page A16, FBI Finds No Foul Play in Auto Death,
July 3, 1975, D.O.J., Inventory of Documents, To; Mr. J.B. Adams,
August 27, 1975, Bangor Daily News [Maine] page 3, Reopening of probe urged,
August 27, 1975, New York Times, Women Press US on Silkwood Case,
August 27, 1975, The Washington Post, page A2, Women's Group Asks U.S. To Reopen Silkwood Case,
September 21, 1975, The Washington Post, pages 33-34, Ms.: The Mystique Is Waning, by Jean Carper,
September 22, 1975, The Daily Reporter [Dover, Ohio] page 21, Has success spoiled 3-year-old Ms. magazine?.
November 6, 1975, New York Times,Conspiracy Laid To Atom Facility In $160,000 Suit, by David Burnham,
November 10, 1975, Los Angeles Times, pages E1-E3, NOW Enters Karen Silkwood Case, by Marlene Cimons,
November 16, 1975, LA Times - SF Chronicle, Anniversary of Car Crash; A Death They Won't Let Die, by Marlene Cimons,
November 17, 1975, The Washington Post, Atom Power Danger Cited, by Patricia Camp,
November 21, 1974, The New York Times, FBI To Study Plutonium Factory Critic's Death, by David Burnham,
November 22, 1975, New York Times, Senators To Study Lab Worker's Death,

April 26, 1976, New York Times, page 9, Plutonium Plant Scored On Safety,
April 26, 1976, UPI - San Francisco Chronicle, FBI Closes Probe Of A-Pant Case,April 27, 1976, New York Times, page 12, Hearing On Plutonium Plant Is Told Of A Conflict Over Health Reports, by David Burnham,
May 8, 1976, The Washington Post, page D5, Publisher Fires a Reporter, Says She Was FBI Informer, by Tom Zito,
May 8, 1976, UPI - San Francisco Chronicle, FBI Linked to Editor,
May 8, 1976, Los Angeles Times, page 12, Newswoman Fired for Alleged FBI Ties; House Prober Says Agent Told of Her 'Special Relationship' With Bureau,
May 8, 1976, New York Times, Newspaper in Nashville Dismisses Writer Linked to the FBI, by David Burnham,
May 8, 1976, AP - The Odessa American (TX) page 27, Editor Is Fired For Link To FBI,
May 8, 1976, AP - The Evening Independent, page 2-A, Jacque Srouji; First She Was Fired, Now She's Disappeared, by William Morrissey,
May 8, 1976, UPI - Idaho Free Press, (Nampa) page 13, Journalists collide with judges, boss,
May 9, 1976, New York Times, page 21, Writer, Threatened Over Link To F.B.I., Secludes Herself
May 9, 1976, AP - Wisconsin State Journal (Madison) page 3, Fired editor hiding out,
May 9, 1976, AP - The Bakersfield Californian, Ex-newswoman, children disappear after FBI-related threats,
May 9, 1976, AP - Washington Post,Fired Editor Reported in Hiding,
May 11, 1976, AP - Clovis News-Journal (NM) page 2, Officials Find Investigation Difficult,
May 12, 1976, AP - Garden City Telegram (Kansas) page 15, Committee Hits FBI 'Runaround',May 12, 1976, AP - Colorado Springs Gazette-Telegraph, page 1F, Special Relationship With FBI Leads to Copy Editor's Firing,
May 13, 1976, The Robesonian (Lumberton, NC) page 1, Former Nashville Newswoman May Have Been Counteragent For FBI, by William Morrissey,
May 13, 1976, Los Angeles Times, page B12, FBI Asked Copy Editor to Print Story, Publisher Says,
May 14, 1976, New York Times, FBI Investigation of Editor Reported,
May 14, 1976, Los Angeles Times, page 5, Panel to Probe Alleged Role as FBI Agent as Mystery Deepens Around Copy Editor, by Paul Houston,
May 14, 1976, AP - Washington Post, FBI Story Planting Tied to Fired Editor,
May 14, 1976, UPI - Washington Post, U.S. to Provide Private Lawyers For 2 FBI Agents,
May 15, 1976, New York Times, House Panel to Study F.B.I.'s Link to Ex-Reporter, by David Burnham,May 17, 1976, UPI - The Dispatch [Lexington, NC] Four sue FBI,
May 17, 1976, AP - Gadsden Times, [Alabama] page 2, Tennessean workers said seeking files,
May 18, 1976, Washington Post, FBI Data Sought,
May 19, 1976, New York Times,Former Reporter Denies That She Gave Information to FBI About Nashville Newspaper or Its Staff, by John M. Crewdson,
May 19, 1976, New York Times, Ex-Reporter Denies That She. Gave FBI Information of Its Staff About a Nashville Paper Or Members of Its Staff, by John M. Crewdson,
May 19, 1976, AP - San Francisco Chronicle, Fired Editor Denies
Spying in Staff
,
May 19, 1976, AP - Independent (Long Beach, CA) page 15, Editor denies she snooped for FBI,
May 19, 1976, AP - San Antonio Express, page 7-A, Fired editor says she was not FBI informer,
May 19, 1976, AP - The Washington Post, page A5, Never FBI Informer, Ousted Editor Asserts, by Matt Yancey,
May 19, 1976, Los Angeles Times, page 27, Copy Editor Denies Ever Informing on Staff to FBI,
May 20, 1976, AP - Washington Post,Nashville Publisher Raps FBI Official,
May 21, 1976, New York Times, F.B.I. Bars Data on Ties To a Nashville Journalist,
May 21, 1976, Washington Post, FBI Denies Giving Writer Data, by Walter Pincus,
May 21, 1976, AP, FBI Knew Of CIA Plot To Kill Castro,
May 21, 1976, AP, Six Moslems Hijack Jet; 109 Aboard,
May 21, 1976, The San Bernardino County Sun [CA] Publisher tells of FBI contacts,
May 21, 1976, UPI - San Francisco Chronicle, Publisher Testifies In Odd 'Spy' Case,
May 21, 1976, UPI - The Bakersfield Californian, page 8, Publisher says FBI 'used' his former editor,
May 21, 1976, Boston Globe, page 16, FBI denies influencing atom probe
May 24, 1976, Time, The Press: A Special Relationship, [Text]
May 28, 1976, AP - Lakeland Ledger,Srouji Comments in Question,
May 28, 1976, The Washington Post, page A28, Fired Editor Claims Wide Links With FBI,
May 28, 1976, Press-Telegram [Long Beach, CA] page 14, Fired editor threatens to 'take FBI agents down, too', by John M. Crewdson,
May 28, 1976, New York Times,Reporter Threatens to Discredit Intelligence Aides, by John M. Crewdson,
May 28, 1976, New York Times,Reporter Who Helped FBI Renews Threat to Discredit Intelligence Aides, by John M. Crewdson,
May 28, 1976, Press-Telegram [Long Beach, CA] page 14, Fired editor threatens to 'take FBI agents down, too', by John M. Crewdson,
May 30, 1976, UPI - The Bakersfield Californian, page 1, A-plants get takeover alert.
May 31, 1976, The Washington Post, page D13, Uranium Disappearance, by Jack Anderson and Les Whitten,
May 31, 1976, Time Magazine,Intelligence: A Watchdog at Last, [Text]
June 2, 1976, Danville Bee, page 4, Unsolved Case Of Missing Uranium Cache, by Jack Anderson and Les Whitten,
June 2, 1976, Chicago Tribune, page 6, Hint FBI used 'influence' in quiz,
June 3, 1976, AP - San Francisco Examiner, Death blamed on plutonium racketeers,
June 4, 1976, AP - Colorado Springs Gazette-Telegraph, page 23, FBI Pressure in Probe Is Charged,
June 5, 1976, AP - The High Point Enterprise (NC) page 1, Illegal Plutonium Sales Alleged, by William Morrissey,
June 6, 1976, AP - San Francisco Chronicle, Death blamed on plutonium racketeers,
June 6, 1976, AP - New York Times, An Illegal Market In Plutonium Hinted,
June 6, 1976, AP - Idaho State Journal (Pocatello) page B11, Nuclear Alerts Continue Thru Election, by Jeffrey Mills,
June 6, 1976, Boston Globe, page 19, Journalist says evidence suggests N-black market
June 14, 1976, AP - The Corpus Christi Caller-Times, FBI contacted Jacqui Srouji, by James Gerstenzang,
June 16, 1976, AP - The Daily Times-News (Burlington, North Carolina) page 8, FBI Didn't Urge Testimony, Says Former Journalist,
June 18, 1976, AP - The Danville Register (Virginia) page 12-B, Conflicts Noted In Reports On Copy Editor's Navy Work,
July 1, 1976, The Gallup Independent (NM) page 20, No Plutonium Thefts Possible,
August 14, 1976, The Kansas City Times (Missouri) Plutonium Cover-up?; Death Puzzle, Bitter Dispute, by Barbara Newman,
October 2, 1976, More Magazine, page 26, The Bizarre Career of Jacque Srouji,
November 6, 1976, AP - The Bulletin, Negligence charged in Silkwood death,
November 6, 1976, AP - Lawrence Journal-World, Radiation Case Lawsuit Filed,
November 6, 1976, AP - The Kansas City Times (Missouri) page 9, Silkwood Family Sues Firm,
November 6, 1976, New York Times, Conspiracy Laid To Atom Facility In $160,000 Suit, by David Burnham,
November 8, 1976, AP - Garden City Telegram (Kansas) 'Plutonium Contamination' Suit Totals $160,000,
November 28, 1976, The Washington Post, page 53, Paper Receives FBI Apology For Official's 'Innuendoes',

February 4, 1977, The Washington Post, page A2, Hill Unit Lawyers Call Death Of Karen Silkwood Accidental, by Judy Fossett,April 10, 1977, Los Angeles Times, pages N1-N3, The Detour in the Path of 'Silkwood', by Andrew Laskos,
April 15, 1977, Los Angeles Times, page G18, Film-Maker Denied First Amendment Protection,
April 18, 1977, Washington Post, The CIA's Journalists; New Charges Raise Old Questions About the Media and Intelligence, by Richard Harwood and Walter Pincus, [Text]
May 18, 1977, In These Times, page 4, Filmmaker Faces Jail in Silkwood Case, by David Keller,
July 31, 1977, Washington Star, The FBI Is a Vacuum Cleaner for Raw Gossip, by John Seigenthaler,
August 2, 1977, Los Angeles Times, page F8, Films Questioning Nuclear Energy Will Be Presented,
August 11, 1977, Los Angeles Times, page D7, Ungagging the Whistle-Blowers, by David Ewing,
August 21, 1977, Boston Globe, page A2, What the FBI tells you about your own files, by John Seigenthaler,
August 25, 1977, New York Times, 'Not Entirely Pure', by Anthony Lewis
August 25, 1977, New York Times, Op-Ed, 'Not Entirely Pure', by Anthony Lewis,
August 28, 1977, The Washington Post, page 116, The Reactors and the Reactions, by Deborah Shapley,
September 20, 1977, The Valley News, (Van Nuys, CA) page 2, Nuclear energy; Danger or not, by Mike Wyma,
September 21, 1977, Valley News (CA) Uneasiness is understandable (Second of two parts) by Mike Wyma,
September 28, 1977, Los Angeles Times, page G12, Film-Maker's Right to Protect Sources Upheld,
October 2, 1977, New York Times, page 32, Court Extends Right of Press To Filming, by Deirdre Carmody,
October 22, 1977, AP - The Courier News (Blytheville, Arkansas) Top Official Denies Hampering Investigation,
October 25, 1977, The Washington Post, page A4, New Papers Detail Role of FBI Informant, by Bill Richards,
Nov.-Dec. 1977, Vol. 1. No. 3, Clandestine America, page 3, Who Killed Karen Silkwood?, [Text]
December 27, 1977, New York Times, C.I.A. Established Many Links To Journalists in U.S. and Abroad, by John M. Crewdson and Joseph B. Treaster, [Text]

January 8, 1978, Los Angeles Times, page D5, Filmmakers Must Shield Their Sources Too, by Stephen F. Rohde,
February 15, 1978, AP - The Paris News (TX) Silkwood papers filed,
April 27, 1978, AP - The Vernon Daily Record (Texas) page 7, Gag Order Lifted In Silkwood Case,
May 7, 1978, New York Times, Dispute Over National Security Emerges in Bitter Suit on Role of Dead Laboratory Worker; Mired in Legal Disputes A More Secret Meeting Not Allowed to Answer, by Seymour M. Hersh,July 23, 1978, AP - The Paris News (TX) Silkwood family's attorney's disbarment asked by journalists,
August 22, 1978, The Free Lance-Star, page 9, Weekly news service cites women's issues, by Nadine Joseph,
November 13, 1978, UPI - New York Times, Around the Nation; Memorial Is Held For Foe of Nuclear Power,
November 13, 1978, The Washington Post, pages C1-C2, Nuclear Power Foes Stage Rally in Park, by James Lardner,
November 14, 1978, Los Angeles Times, page SD A2, Photo Standalone 3 -- No Title, by Len Lahman,
December 3, 1978, New York Times, Around the Nation; 400 Demonstrators Stage Protest on Nuclear Waste,

March 5, 1979, Los Angeles Times, page B13, Jury Being Picked in Oklahoma Plutonium Contamination Case,March 7, 1979, New York Times, Record Of Nuclear Safety Cited, by Richard Halloran,
March 7, 1979, New York Times, Jury Is Empaneled in Nuclear Contamination Case; The Principal.Question Union Officials' Theories Federal Judge's Ruling Subject of Regulation No Sign of Foul Play, by John M. Crewdson,
March 7, 1979, The Washington Post, page A3, Nuclear Power Producers Are Watching Radioactive Contamination Trial, by Bill Curry,
March 8, 1979, The Washington Post, page A5, Chemical Plant Fire Forces Evacuation Of 6,000 in Texas,
March 8, 1979, New York Times, Around the Nation; Plutonium Level Is Debated In Death of Nuclear Worker,
March 9, 1979, New York Times, 2 Arrested Scientist Challenges Safety Of Nuclear Plant at Trial
March 9, 1979, The Washington Post, page A10, 1958 Nuclear Test Created Radioactive Cloud in L.A.,
March 11, 1979, New York Times,Fallout From 'China Syndrome' Has Already Begun; 'The China Syndrome, by Aljean Harmetz,
March 13, 1979, New York Times,Around the Nation; Former Plant Supervisor Testifies at Silkwood Trial,
March 13, 1979, The Washington Post, page A2, Plutonium Lost at Plant Ex-Aide Says,
March 15, 1979, The Washington Post, page A5, Alabama Drifter Is Suspected of 13 More Killings,
March 15, 1979, UPI - New York Times, page A19, Around The Nation; Scientist Describes Hazard From Missing Plutonium,
March 16, 1979, The Washington Post, pages B1-B2, 'Syndrome': Political Power, by Gary Arnold,
March 18, 1979, New York Times, page E1, Uncertainty Grows On Nuclear Safety,
March 27, 1979, UPI - New York Times, page A22, Around The Nation; Silkwood Jurors Hear Tape On Nuclear Contamination,
March 28, 1979, Los Angeles Times, page E7, Hard Questions, Skepticism, Anger Besiege It, by Colman McCarthy,
March 29, 1979, The Washington Post, page A19, Nuclear Industry: Chased By Doubts, by Colman McCarthy,
March 29, 1979, Daily Oklahoman, In 20 Minutes, Silkwood Dead, by Paul Wenske,
March 30, 1979, The Washington Post, pages B1-B2, When Fate Follows Fiction -- The 'Syndrome' Fallout, by William K. Knoedelseder Jr. and Ellen Farley,
April 1, 1979, Los Angeles Times, page A1-A2, U.S. Faces Painful Decisions if Nuclear Power Is Curbed, by Robert A. Rosenblatt,
April 4, 1979, Los Angeles Times, page B16, Silkwood Nuclear Trial Reaches Midpoint, by Myrna Oliver,
April 4, 1979, The Washington Post, page A16, Silkwood Estate Lawyers Wind Up Case, by Paul Wenske,
April 6, 1979, Los Angeles Times, page A21, Plant's Safety Record Examined, by Myrna Oliver,
April 7, 1979, Washington Post, page A2, Karen Silkwood Case,
April 9 1979, Time Magazine, Three Mile Island: Nuclear Nightmare, [Text]
April 11, 1979, Los Angeles Times, page A17, Silkwood Trial Told of Plutonium Particles in Kitchen, by Myrna Oliver,
April 13, 1979, Wichita Falls [TX] Record News, page 10, Physicist defends Kerr-McGee manual,
April 14, 1979, AP - Wichita Falls [TX] Record News, page 5, Silkwoods seek to increase claim,
April 15, 1979, AP - Wichita Falls [TX] Times, page 7, Silkwood suit damages ruling may take month,
April 15, 1979, AP - The Vernon Daily Record, page 5, Silkwood Lawyers May Face Month's Wait on Suit Ruling,
April 18, 1979, Wichita Falls [TX] Record News, page 9, Plutonium smuggling said possible,
April 21, 1979, AP - New York Times, page 46, Witness Says Nuclear Lab Aides Joked About Company Accuser,
April 26, 1979, The Washington Post, page A7, Credibility of Probe Was NRC Concern, by T.R. Reid,
April 30, 1979, Time Magazine, In Oklahoma: The Pangs of Bearing Witness, [Text]
May 1, 1979, AP - New York Times, page A16, Around The Nation; Potential Plutonium Loss Is Cited at Silkwood Trial,
May 3, 1979, The Washington Post, pages D1-D2, May Days for the No-Nukers, by Henry Allen,
May 4, 1979, Los Angeles Times, page B18, Kerr-McGee Chairman Defends Firm's Safety at Silkwood Trial, by Myrna Oliver,
May 6, 1979, New York Times, Trial Nears An End In Silkwood Death; Source of Exposure to Plutonium Is Central to $11 Million Suit Against Nuclear Concern,
May 6, 1979, New York Times, Nuclear Nonsense, by Sara J. Wright,
May 8, 1979, New York Times, Doctor Says Miss Silkwood Wasn't Hurt by Plutonium,
May 10, 1979, The Washington Post, page A26, Defense Rests in Silkwood Contamination Lawsuit, by Paul Wenske, Special to The Washington Post,
May 11, 1979, The Washington Post, page A21, Pop Music Stars Set Two Benefits For Nuclear Foes,
May 15, 1979, New York Times,Silkwood Radiation Case Is Ready for Jurors Today; Trial in Eighth Week Some Samples Were Spiked, by William K. Stevens,
May 15, 1979, Los Angeles Times, page B8, Jury Likely to Get Silkwood Case Today, by Myrna Oliver,
May 16, 1979, Los Angeles Times, page B16, Jury Begins Deliberations in Silkwood Case, by Myrna Oliver,
May 16, 1979, The Washington Post, page A3, Silkwood Contamination Case Goes to U.S. Jury, by Paul Wenske, Special to The Washington Post,
May 17, 1979, New York Times, Jurors End 2d Day of Deliberation In Silkwood Contamination Case,
May 18, 1979, New York Times, Silkwood Jury Asks About Injury,
May 18, 1979, Los Angeles Times, page A1, Karen Silkwood's Children Win $ 10.5 Million, by Myrna Oliver,
May 19, 1979, Los Angeles Times, pages 1-3, $10.5 Million Awarded in Silkwood Trial, by Myrna Oliver,
May 19, 1979, New York Times, Silkwood Heirs Win $10.5 Million In Setback to the Nuclear Industry, by William K. Stevens,
May 19, 1979, New York Times, Uranium a Small Part of Kerr-McGee Corp, by Peter J. Schuyten,
May 19, 1979, New York Times, Industry Fears Decision Could Slow Nuclear Power; Center on Clinch River, by Winston Williams,
May 19, 1979, New York Times, Business Digest; Companies,
May 19, 1979, New York Times, Karen Silkwood: From Activist to Protest Symbol; Apartment Contaminated Too;
May 19, 1979, The Washington Post, pages A1-A2, Silkwood Family Awarded $10.5 Million in Damages, by Bill Curry and Paul Wenske, Washington Post Staff Writers,
May 20, 1979, New York Times, Pursuing the Silkwood Case Became a Cottage Industry, by Richard D. Lyons,
May 20, 1979, New York Times, Silkwood Estate to Use Award for Legal Action,
May 20, 1979, New York Times, Atom Age Award.
May 20, 1979, Los Angeles Times, pages 1-2, Silkwood Kin Win $10.5 Million in Nuclear Case,
May 21, 1979, Los Angeles Times, page A2, Lawyer Asks Nuclear Truth,
May 21, 1979, New York Times, 50 Gather for Ceremony At Silkwood Crash Site,
May 21, 1979, The Washington Post, page A22, The Silkwood Case,
May 23, 1979, The Washington Post, page A7, Deportation for Police Chief,
May 23, 1979, Ottawa Journal, page 13, Bid planned to reopen Silkwood 'N-death' case,
May 23, 1979, Bangor Daily News, page 16, Silkwood probe reopening sought
May 28, 1979, Time Magazine, Nation: Nuclear Setback, [Text]
May 29, 1979, The Washington Post, page B2, Celebrating the Karen Silkwood Victory, by Carla Hall,
June 21, 1979, Los Angeles Times, page A1, Silkwood Verdict OKd,
June 22, 1979, New York Times, Judge Accepts Silkwood Decision,July 1, 1979, New York Times, Public Fears Over Nuclear Hazards Are Increasing; Low-Level Radiation: How High the Risks?, by Richard D. Lyons,
July 1, 1979, New York Times, The Courts Are Becoming The Arbiters of the Atom; A Body of Law That Runs From Invisible to Unthinkable, by David Burnham,
July 6, 1979, New York Times, Books of The Times; Political Risk, by Christopher Lehmann-Haupt,
August 20, 1979, Los Angeles Times, page A1, Silkwood Case Award Upheld,
August 21, 1979, Los Angeles Times, page A10, U.S. Judge Upholds Silkwood Award,
August 21, 1979, AP - New York Times, page A15, Around The Nation; Judge Refuses to Overturn Award to Silkwood Family,
June 4, 1979, People Magazine, Who Killed Karen Silkwood? A $10.5 Million Verdict Still Leaves a Host of Questions,
June 4, 1979, People Magazine, Who Killed Karen Silkwood? A $10.5 Million Verdict Still Leaves a Host of Questions,
September 6, 1979, The Washington Post, page A3, ACLU's Campaign Delineates Threat To Civil Liberties From Nuclear Power, by Joanne Omang, Washington Post Staff Writer,
September 16, 1979, New York Times, page D22, Rock Stars Are Into Politics Again,
November / December 1979, Vol. 9, No. 8/9, Resurgence & Ecologist, pages 291-297, The Mysterious Case of Karen Silkwood, by Jim Garrison, [Text]
November 8, 1979, Los Angeles Times, page SD A14, 'An Invitation To Controversy', by Laura Kaufman,
November 24, 1979, The Washington Post, page A2, Wild West's Past Recalled in Trial of a Fast-Draw Lawman, by Paul Brinkley Rogers,

February 3, 1980, Lawrence Journal-World, No Title, by Jack Anderson,
February 4, 1980, The Washington Post, page C25, FBI Smear Tactics in Silkwood Case, by Jack Anderson,
February 4, 1980, The San Bernardino County Sun [CA] page 18, FBI besets critics, by Jack Anderson,
March 9, 1980, Los Angeles Times, page L4, Silkwood; The Facts and Fiction, by Joe Schleimer,
May 9, 1980, The Washington Post, page E3, The 'Silkwood' Saga, by Jean M. White,
June 17, 1980, Los Angeles Times, page A2, Karen Silkwood Friend Missing,
June 18, 1980, New York Times, Around the Nation; Friend of Karen Silkwood Missing With Book on Case,
June 19, 1980, Los Angeles Times, page A1, Karen Silkwood Friend Surfaces,
June 19, 1980, New York Times, Around the Nation; Friend of Karen Silkwood Is Believed to Be Safe,
June 22, 1980, New York Times, Missing and Presumed Safe Free Huey Makes Good Top Researcher,
September 7, 1980, New York Times, TV Is Reading New Meaning Into Best Sellers; by Ralph Tyler,
December 5, 1980, New York Times, Appeals Court Upholds Dismissal Of Claims by Silkwood Survivors,.

January 1981, Vol. 45, No.1, The Progressive, The Deepening Mystery of Karen Silkwood, by Jeffrey Stein, [Text]
January 25, 1981, NEA - The Southeast Missourian [Cape Girardeau] page 6, Silkwood probe subject to question, by Robert Walters,
February 21, 1981, The Washington Post, page C1-C2, $26.5 Million Libel Award, by Anthony Polk,
March 2, 1981, The Washington Post, page C1-C2, Gerry Spence, the Wyoming Warrior At High Noon, by Tom Lee,
March 15, 1981, The Washington Post, page SM2, The Silkwood Saga,
March 22, 1981, The Washington Post, page BW3, Dying To Tell The Truth, by Gregg Easterbrook,
March 30, 1981, Time Magazine, Law: The Fastest Gun in the West, by Bennett H. Beach, [Text]
April 3, 1981, Los Angeles Times, page A11, Accord Reported Reached in Libel Suit on Silkwood Book,
June 14, 1981, New York Times,Nonfiction in Brief; The Killing of Karen Silkwood; The Story Behind the Kerr-McGee Plutonium Case. By Richard Rashke. by James Traub,
August 6, 1981, Los Angeles Times, page C7, Treating Nuclear Critics as Enemies, by David Kaplan and Dan Noyes,
September 7, 1981, Time Magazine, What Makes Meryl Magic, by John Skow, [Text]October 13, 1981, New York Times, After 2 Years, ABC Movie Division to Make 3 Features, by Aljean Harmetz,
November 13, 1981, New York Times, Books of the Times, By John Leonard Who Killed Karen Silkwood? By Howard Kohn.
November 13, 1981, New York Times, Index - International"Who Killed Karen Silkwood?" is reviewed C31,
November 13, 1981, New York Times, Books of the Times, By John Leonard, Who Killed Karen Silkwood? by Howard Kohn,
December 1, 1981, The Washington Post, page B2, Anatomy of a Death, Reviewed by James Conaway,
December 7, 1981, Time Magazine, Books: Notable: Dec. 7, 1981, [Text]December 12, 1981, Los Angeles Times, $10.5-Million Award to Silkwood Struck Down in Nuclear Case,December 12, 1981, The Washington Post, page A7, Plutonium Worker's Damages Overturned,
December 13, 1981, The Washington Post, page A3, Karen Silkwood's Estate To Challenge Rejection Of $10.5-Million Judgment,
December 12, 1981, New York Times,Silkwood Award Is Reversed,...A Federal appeals court today reversed a $10.5 million award to the estate of Karen Silkwood, a worker at an Oklahoma plutonium plant who
December 13, 1981, New York Times, 10 Who Killed Karen Silkwood?, by Howard Kohn.
December 13, 1981, New York Times, The Life and Death Of An Idealist, by Pete Hamill,

January 10, 1982, Los Angeles Times, page K4, A poisonous question: exhaustive, exhausting, by Howard Kohn,
January 21, 1982, The New York Review of Books, How Not to Crack the Silkwood Case, by John M. Crewdson,
February 14, 1982, New York Times, Paperbacks - New and Noteworthy,
April 29, 1982, The New York Review of Books, The Silkwood Case; David Burnham and Howard Kohn, reply to John M. Crewdson,August 27, 1982, The Washington Post, page A16, Unlikely Wyoming Posse Saddles Up for Energy Fight, by Dale Russakoff, Washington Post Staff Writer,
September 24, 1982, New York Times, At the Movies - Director who thrives on the unpredictable, by Chris Chase,





January 11, 1983, New York Times, Business Digest - Tuesday, January 11, 1983 - The Economy,
January 11, 1983, Los Angeles Times, page B10, Justices Will Rule on $10-Million Silkwood Award, by Jim Mann,
January 11, 1983, New York Times, News Summary - Tuesday, January 11, 1983,
January 11, 1983, New York Times, Justices Accept Appeal by Family of Woman Tainted by Plutonium, by Linda Greenhouse,
January 11, 1983, The Washington Post, page A3, Supreme Court to Review $10.5 Million Claim in Silk wood Case, by Fred Barbash,
April 25, 1983, The Washington Post, page D1-D2, Nora Ephron's Open Sock Drawer, by Stephanie Mansfield,
June 20, 1983, New York Times, For a Labor Crusader, The Play's the Thing, by Barbara Gamarekian,
September 10, 1983, New York Times, 5 Films with Political Statements Due In Fall, by Aljean Harmetz,
September 11, 1983, New York Times, Topical Issues Lend Special Drama To Movies, by Janet Maslin,
October 5, 1983, The Washington Post, page A3, High Court Hears Silkwood Suit, by Fred Barbash,
October 6, 1983, The Oklahoman, Silkwood: Law and Legend,
October 19, 1983, New York Times, Return Of the Budget-Buster Movie, by Aljean Harmetz,
November 14, 1984, The Oklahoman, Silkwood Remembered On Death Anniversary, by Gypsy H. Gilmore, diigo,
November 14, 1983, Time Magazine, In New Mexico: High-Tech Junkyard, by Jane O'Reilly, [Text]
December 7, 1983, Los Angeles Times, pages G1-G2, Nail-Biting Time At Kerr-McGee, by Deborah Caulfield,
December 11, 1983, The Washington Post, page L1-L3, 'Silkwood': Martyrdom Or Fantasy? , by Nick Thimmesch,
December 11, 1983, New York Times, Fact and Legend Clash In 'Silkwood', by William J. Broad,
December 11, 1983, The New York Times, Fact And Legend Clash In 'Silkwood', by William J. Broad,
December 14, 1983, LA Times - Chicago Sun-Times, page 77, Kerr-McGee Condemns Film,
December 14, 1983, Los Angeles Times, pages J1-J2, Movie Review, by Sheila Benson,
December 14, 1983, New York Times, Film - Karen Silkwood's Story, by Vincent Canby,
December 14, 1983, The Washington Post, page D1-D2, Silkwood as Saint and Sinner, by Gary Arnold,
December 14, 1983, The Washington Post, page D10, Silkwood Partisans Speak Out, by Carla Hall,
December 16, 1983, Washington Post, page 23, Review of Silkwood, directed Mike Nichols, by Rita Kempley,
December 17, 1983, Los Angeles Times, pages F1-F2, 'Silkwood' Reaction In Oklahoma, by Deborah Caulfield,
December 18, 1983, New York Times, ABC'S Brandon Stoddard Bids For the Larger Screen, by Sally Bedell Smith,
December 19, 1983, Time Magazine, Cinema: A Tissue of Implications, by Richard Schickel, [Text]
December 25, 1983, New York Times, The Chicanery of 'Silkwood',

1984, Lawnix.com, Silkwood v. Kerr-McGee Corp. - Case Brief, diigo,
January 1, 1984, New York Times, Film View; Tidying up a Few Matters as '83 Fades From the Screen, by Vincent Canby,
January 6, 1984, Los Angeles Times, pages G1-G2, Kerr Keeps An Eye Out For Bigger Roles, by Clarke Taylor,
January 6, 1984, The Washington Post, page A19, 'Silkwood": The Paranoid Style, by Edwin M. Yoder, Jr.,
January 7, 1984, New York Times, Letter - On Docudramas What 'Silkwood' Is - and Is Not,
January 7, 1984, New York Times, Cher Hoping 'Silkwood' Is Her Turning Point, by Janet Maslin,
January 8, 1984, New York Times, On Telling the Real Karen Silkwood's Story,
January 9, 1984, New Yorker, page 99, Review of Silkwood, directed by Mike Nichols, by Pauline Kael,
January 11, 1984, New York Times, A Substantially Accurate Drama About Karen Silkwood,
January 11, 1984, Los Angeles Times, page A2, Award to Silkwood Kin Reinstated,
January 11, 1984, Justia.com, U.S. Supreme Court; Silkwood v. Kerr-McGee Corp., 464 U.S. 238, diigo,
January 12, 1984, The Washington Post, page A1-A2, Silkwood Damages Suit Revived, by Fred Barbash,
January 12, 1984, Los Angeles Times, pages 1-2, $10-Million Silkwood Award Reinstated, by Jim Mann,
January 12, 1984, Los Angeles Times, pages H1-H2, Ruling Held Timely For 'Silk Wood', by Deborah Caulfield,
January 12, 1984, LA Times, page 1, Ruling Held Timely for 'Silkwood', by Deborah Caulfield,
January 12, 1984, New York Times, High Court Clears Award In Karen Silkwood Case,
January 12, 1984, New York Times, Thursday, January 12, 1984 International
January 13, 1984, The Oklahoman, Silkwood's Teen Daughter Wishes Case Would End, diigo,
January 15, 1984, Los Angeles Times, page E4, The Silkwood Decision,
January 23, 1984, Time Magazine, Milestones: Jan. 23, 1984, [Text]
January 24, 1984, The Washington Post, page A12, Silkwood: Suspicious Circumstances, by Steven Wodka,
January 29, 1984, The Washington Post, page K10, Justice and the Silkwood Case,
February 12, 1984, New York Times, Screen Credit - A Reporter Who Said No, by David Burnham,
February 12, 1984, New York Times, Film View - Toward Women, Movies Are Two-Faced, by Vincent Canby,
February 17, 1984, New York Times, 'Endearment' Tops Oscar Nominations, by Aljean Harmetz,
March 7, 1984, New York Times, Moguls Take To the Slopes For Deals, by Aljean Harmetz,
March 14, 1984, New York Times, Books of the Times, by Walter Goodman,
April 9, 1984, Los Angeles Times, page OC D1, 'Silk Wood' 10 Years In the Making, by Randy Lewis,
April 20, 1984, New York Times, ABC Profit Up By 71.9%, by Pamela G. Hollie,

February 10, 1985, New York Times, Former Guard at Indian Point Files Suit, by Edward Hudson,
August 1, 1985, The Washington Post, page A12, Silkwood Case Reopened,
August 2, 1985, The Oklahoman, Karen Silkwood Trial Redux, diigo,
September 27, 1985, New York Times, Film - Spacek in 'Marie', by Janet Maslin,
November 7, 1985, New York Times, Books Of the Times, by Christopher Lehmann-Haupt,
December 7, 1985, New York Times, Silkwood Epilogue - Fuel-Rod Debate Lingers On,
December 7, 1985, NYT - Eugene Register-Guard, page 12B, Fuel Rods in Silkwood case work fine, Hanford reports, by Bruce Brown,
December 9, 1985, NYT - The Sydney Morning Herald, page 9, A nuclear epilogue to the deeds of Karen Silkwood, by Bruce Brown,
December 29, 1985, New York Times, In Short - Nonfiction, by Carl H. Lavin,

January 6, 1986, New York Times, Kerr-McGee Is Cutting Troubled Nuclear Role,
January 7, 1986, The Washington Post, page A3, A-Fuels Plant Death Caused By Chemical, by Thomas O'Toole
January 8, 1986, Los Angeles Times, page A7, Oklahoma Town Ponders Impact of Nuclear Fuel Plant's Fatal Accident, by J. Michael Kennedy,
March 24, 1986, Chicago Tribune, page 3, 12 Jurists Tried and True, Seminar of Legal Eagles Shows Claws For Success, by Paul Galloway,
May 6, 1986, New York Times, Supreme Court Roundup; Case Focuses on Evolution and Creation,
July 25, 1986, The Washington Post, page D1-D2, Meryl Streep & The Human Connection, by Paul Attanasio,
August 23, 1986, New York Times, Kerr-McGee will pay the estate of Karen Silkwood $1.38 million, diigo,
August 23, 1986, New York Times, News Summary - Saturday, August 23, 1986,
August 23, 1986, New York Times, page 1, $1.3 Million Accord Reached in Lawsuit by Silkwood's Heirs,
August 23, 1986, New York Times, Business Digest - Saturday, August 23, 1986,
August 23, 1986, The Washington Post, page A11, Kerr-McGee Settles Silkwood Lawsuit,
August 23, 1986, AP - Chicago Tribune, page 3, Kerr-McGee, Silkwood's Family Agree To Settle Suit Out Of Court,
November 9, 1986, New York Times, The Whistle Blowers' Morning After, by N.R, Kleinfield,
December 1, 1986, Time Magazine, Video: What If Oswald Had Stood Trial?, by Richard Zoglin, [Text]

July 12, 1987, Los Angeles Times, pages F1-F2, Arms Scandal Brings Christic Institute New Visibility, by Kathleen Hendrix,
July 20, 1987, New York Times, Washington Talk: Investigations; A Liberal Group Makes Waves With Its Contra Lawsuit, by Keith Schneider,
August 21, 1987, New York Times, Pop/Jazz; The Fugs Look Back to 1967's 'Summer of Love', by Stephen Holden,
September 29, 1987, New York Times, Music: Reworking Faust, by Will Crutchfield,
November 16, 1987, New York Times, Converted Radioactive Waste Used to Fertilize in Oklahoma, by Keith Schneider,
November 21, 1987, Los Angeles Times, page C2, GA Tech to Buy Kerr-McGee's Uranium Plant, by Chris Kraul,
November 30, 1987, Time Magazine,Environment: Making Fertilizer from What?, by Michael D. Lemonick, [Text]

February 14, 1988, Los Angeles Times, pages A1-A3, New Breed of Bounty Hunter to Hit Polluters, by Richard Paddock,
August 26, 1988, New York Times, Review/Film; 'Coverup,' Iran-Contra Affair, by Walter Goodman,
September 11, 1988, The Washington Post, page C1-C2, The Ultimate Conspiracy, by Mark Hosenball,
November 6, 1988, New York Times, The Flip Side of Dad,

February 6, 1989, New York Times, Trial Is Approved On Job Conditions,
February 8, 1989, Chicago Tribune, page 1, Businesses see 'chilling effect' of safety liability, by William Grady,
February 11, 1989, The Washington Post, page B12, Christic Institute Fights to Survive, by William Bole,
May 7, 1989, New York Times, Throwing the Book at the Courts, by Seymour Wishman,
May 16, 1989, The Washington Post, page C1-C3, The Passions of Barbara Newman, by Myra MacPherson,
June 4, 1989, New York Times, Home Entertainment/Video: Critics' Choices; Completely and Believably Someone Else, by Stephen Holden,

February 13, 1990, Chicago Tribune, page 1, When Nora met Alice . . . Pals Ephron and Arlen muse on their script for success in high-stakes Hollywood, by John Blades,
February 17, 1990, New York Times, Marcos Switches to Maverick for Her Defense, by Craig Wolff,
February 17, 1990, The Washington Post, page A17, Imelda Marcos Shifts Attorneys Before Her Trial,
March 25, 1990, New York Times,Headliners; A Woman's Honor,
September 2, 1990, Chicago Tribune, It's the Streep mystique Once she's into a character what she does goes way beyond acting, by Gene Siskel, Movie columnist,
March 17, 1991, New York Times, That Madcap Meryl. Really!, by Joy Horowitz,
April 29, 1991, The Washington Post, page A1-A2, Uranium Pollution Probed at Oklahoma Plant, by Thomas W. Lippman,
August 16, 1991, The Washington Post, page C4, 'Silkwood' Actor Jehane Dyllan Reuther Dies, by Claudia Levy,
October 5, 1991, The Washington Post, page A2, NRC Closes Oklahoma Plant After Finding Uranium Leaks, by Thomas W. Lippman,

October 9, 1991, Chicago Tribune, page 10, Whistleblowers at arms plant report threats,
December 28, 1991, The Washington Post, page A6, 2 Women at Rocky Flats Plant Tell Of Intim

March 4, 1992, New York Times, pages B1-2, What Debt Does Hollywood Owe to Truth?, by William Grimes,
March 5, 1992, New York Times, What Debt Does Hollywood Owe to Truth?, by William Grimes,
March 8, 1992, Chicago Tribune, page 3, Laugh lines Nora Ephron coaxes comedy from life's struggles, by Dana Micucci,
May 27, 1992, The Kerrville Times [TX] page 8, Father wants probe reopened in death of Karen Silkwood,
June 11, 1992, Chicago Tribune, A 'Real People' Lawyer's Hardest Case, by Kevin McCullen,

June 20, 1993, Chicago Tribune, page 1, Argonne Fights For Nuclear Lifeblood, by Jon Hilkevitch,
October 15, 1993, New York Times, A Triumph of One Man's Personality: The American Courtroom's Buffalo Bill, by Jan Hoffman,

July 23, 1994, Indiana Gazette (Indiana, PA) page 44, More To Women's News Than Carrot Cake Recipes,

September 6, 1995, The Washington Post, page C1-C2, Gerry Spence, Attorney At Lore, by Thomas Heath,
November 23, 1995, Los Alamos Science, Vol. XXIII, The Karen Silkwood Story, Reprinted at PBS Frontline,

March 6, 1996, Chicago Tribune, page 1, Nuclear POwer Industry Knows Where To Come Clean, by Julie Deardorff,
December 15, 1996, New York Times, Sounding the Trumpets For Whistle-Blowers, by Laura Mansnerus,

January 24, 1998, New York Times, Judge Frank G. Theis, 86; Presided Over Silkwood Case,

February 1, 1999, Chicago Tribune, page 8, Nuclear Whistleblower Faces Cloud of Disapproval, by Duncan Mansfield,
June 13, 1999, Chicago Tribune, page 8, Radiation Expert Dr Karl Morgan,
June 13, 1999, New York Times, Karl Z. Morgan, 91, Founder of the Field Of Health Physics, Dies in Tennessee, by Matthew L. Wald,
October 24, 1999, New York Times, The Guide, by Eleanor Charles,
November 17, 1999, New York Times, My Job; Leading, Acting and Choosing,
November 21, 1999, New York Times, Unearthing the New Nashville's Wax Castoffs, by Neil Strauss,

January 2000, UE News, Remembering Karen Silkwood, Union Martyr, diigo
January 17, 2000, New York Times, Media Talk; Abrupt Departure By Executive Editor Of The Oklahoman, by Felicity Barringer,
January 17, 2000, AP - Chicago Tribune, page 2, A Dispute Rages Over Disposal of Nuclear Waste In the Rockies, by Mead Gruver,
March 28, 2000, Chicago Tribune, page 7, U.S. Halts Plan For Idaho Nuclear Incinerator Outcry Forcing Energy Agency To Look For Alternatives To Burning, by Judith Graham,
August 14, 2000, Chicago Tribune, page 8, Radiation Poisons Navajo Communities Many Former Miners Have Died After Digging Uranium Ore For US
November 26, 2000, New York Times, Movies: Critic's Choice, by Anita Gates,

October 7, 2001, Chicago Tribune, page 1, Think about it: Whistleblowing not easy money, by David Greising,

January 8, 2002, BBC News, Karen Silkwood - Campaigner,
January 23, 2002, Chicago Tribune, page 1, Blowing the whistle is no guarantee of glory, by Barbara Brotman,
May 31, 2002, Chicago Tribune, page 1, 5 Films With a Nuclear Glow, by Robert K. Elder,
August 18, 2002, Chicago Tribune, page 5, Tell-tale risks ; Whistleblowers say exposing an employer can deal a career-crushing blow, by T. Shawn Taylor,
October 7, 2002, Reuters - Chicago Tribune, page 7, Anthony Mazzocchi, 76 ; Labor leader who fought for workplace health legislation,
October 9, 2002, New York Times, Anthony Mazzocchi, 76, Dies; Union Officer and Party Father, by Steven Greenhouse,

January 9, 2003, New York Times, Television Review; Violations, Fines and Business as Usual at an Iron Foundry, by Nancy Ramsey,
September 7, 2003, New York Times, The New Season/Film; How Hollywood Handled the Story Of an Irish Folk Hero, by Stephanie Zacharek,

April 1, 2011, Time Magazine, Couch Potato Briefing: Covert Ops, Cricket and Learning from Lawrence, by Tony Karon, [Text]
June 1, 2011, Chicago Tribune, page 3., Death Notice: John H. Crotty,

June 27, 2012, Chicago Tribune, page 7, Nora Ephron: 1941-2012, by John Horn,

September 1, 2013, Counterpoint Press, The People's Advocate: The Life and Legal History of America's Most Fearless Public Interest Lawyer, by Daniel Sheehan, [Text: Chapter 21]

February 19, 2014 (Updated) U.S. NRC, Kerr-McGee - Cimarron, diigo,
July 11, 2014, New York Times, John Seigenthaler, Editor and Aide to Politicians, Dies at 86, by John Schwartz,

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January 15, 1975, Chemical Week, Mixed grades for Kerr-McGee,

February 24, 1975, Newsweek, Pulling the Plug on A-Power,

n.d., crimelibrary.com, The Life and Mysterious Death of Karen Silkwood, by Tricia Romano,

January 8, 1975, The New York Times, A.E.C Finds Evidence Supporting Charges of Health Hazards at Plutonium Processing Plant in Oklahoma, by David Burnham,

May 31, 1976, The Sedalia Democrat (Missouri) Monday, - Page 6

December 14, 1947, New York Times, Review of the Week, Notes On Science;Bacterial War,

December 14, 1947, New York Times, Review of the Week, New AEC Aid for Scientific Research, View original in TimesMachine