Monday, July 29, 2013

San Francisco Examiner, School Shootings: a History Part One of a series on Mass Murders in the U.S.,

9,902 words

September 23, 2012, San Francisco Examiner, School Shootings: a History Part One of a series on Mass Murders in the U.S.,, by Nancy Bishop

What is next in the world of school shootings and mass murders? We know that it can happen anywhere, at any given time, with little or no warning.

Here, I present to you a history of some of the most marked episodes in recorded history, right up to, and including, the Colorado tragedy that happened just so recently.

Some of these incidents you may have heard a lot of news about. Others, for some reason, are more swept under the rug, so to speak. There is no excuse for ANY of these incidents to get any less coverage than any of the others. These, just as with any crime, need to be brought out into the light of day, or, into the public's view, to help us all learn a little more about what brought them on, and what to look for in the future. The danger signs, or warning signs, were present in some of them, but some of them there was no warning. It is those in particular we need to look at harder, to see what we missed, and if there was anything that any of us could do to help prevent such tragedies in the future.

To begin with, this is a partial listing of school shootings. Our next installment will cover other massmurder incidents.

School shootings, in the now most commonplace definition of the word, seemed to have begun back in 1966, in Texas. There, on August 1, 1966, Charles Joseph Whitman, a former Marine and a student at Texas A&M in Austin, Texas, barricaded himself in the school's tower, where he opened fire on the students below . In all, 32 students were wounded, 10 killed on the ground below; he killed three people in the tower, and had already killed his wife and his mother prior to going to the tower for his rampage. For reference on this topic, refer to the Wikipedia page on Charles Whitman-

But- even before Texas, there was another, just as tragic school massacre, if not more so. I guess I can't really say 'more so', anything in this particular subject matter is tragic. In 1927, on May 18, in Bath Michigan, 38 school children, and 7 adults were killed because of the wrath of one man-Andrew Kehoe. Kehoe was a member of the school board, and was upset that a property tax had been levied to help pay for the construction of a new school building. In Kehoe's mind, this tax was 'the straw that broke the camel's back'.

He blamed that tax for helping lead to foreclosure actions against his farm. Apparently, over a period of several months, Andrew Kehoe, as a school board member with easy access to the school, planted a large amount of dynamite inside the school building. The morning of May 18, 1927, Kehoe first killed his wife, then set fire to his barn. While firefighters were pre-occupied with that fire, this apparently is when Kehoe detonated the dynamite at the school. It was as devious a plan as one could possibly imagine, the man knowing full well the number of children there and how many he could kill. There are several resources on the internet about this tragedy. Google Bath School Tragedy, you will immediately come upon many of the main sources of information about this incident.

There seems to have been a steady rash of school shootings, bombings, and incidents of terror for almost as long as we have had public schools in the United States.

We have seen an almost steady increase of news grabbing headlines about another student, or another person somewhere who has supposedly 'snapped', and gone into a school with guns blazing.

Take a look at this list, the unbelievably LONG list here below, and the details of each, and then we can work on the biggest question of all- WHY? Why do we seem to either completely miss, or just overlook the red flags that should tell us something? Is it a lack of caring? A feeling of -OH, but you mean ME? You want ME to open my mouth and say something? Why can't it be someone else? PLEASE people. Get real. Just in the last few days, we've got another tragedy or two that has unveiled itself in Los Angelas. What about the recent Arizona shootings? Even though that wasn't school related, my gosh, there was a NINE YEAR OLD LITTLE GIRL KILLED THERE!!!!! WHY???? There is ALWAYS 20/20 vision in hindsight. It is going to take more than just one or two people who aren't afraid to stand up and bring attention to a potentially explosive situation before it happens. IT TAKES ALL OF US-!

On July 26, 1764, four Lenape American Indian warriors entered a log schoolhouse of white settlers in what is now Franklin County, Pennsylvania, near present-day Greencastle. Inside were the schoolmaster, Enoch Brown, and twelve young students. Brown pleaded with the warriors to spare the children before being shot and scalped. The warriors then began to tomahawk and scalp the children, killing nine or ten of them (reports vary). Two children who had been scalped survived.

On June 22, 1871 Anna Dwight, the schoolmistress of Stone Lake Schoolhouse, in LaGrange County, Indiana is shot to death outside her schoolhouse by Chauncey Barnes, a rejected suitor. Barnes then committed suicide by shooting himself in the head several times.

January 21, 1882 in Red Bud, Illinois, United States. While chastising student James McBride, teacher Robert Bailey was fatally wounded when the student stabbed him twice with a knife he was using to sharpen a pencil.

August 27, 1886 Charleston, West Virginia. After being reprimanded by his teacher, James Kiser, 15-year-old John Griffith, a student at a school in Jackson County, brought a knife and rocks to school the next morning. When he was about to hit Kiser with a rock a student warned the teacher and a struggle ensued in which Griffith stabbed Kiser several times, leaving him deathly injured.

January 26, 1899 in Albany, Missouri. When he got whipped by his teacher T. B. Hunter, student Charles Ayres drew a jackknife and slashed the teacher's throat. The incident happened at Adams school, about 12 miles (19 km) northeast of Albany.

On May 17, 1889 in Washington D.C., Sarah E. Allen, a third grade teacher at the Jefferson school, is shot to death in front of her class by her estranged husband Oswald C. Allen, who then turned the gun on himself and committed suicide.

On April 9, 1891 In Newburgh, New York, 70-year-old James Foster fired a shotgun at a group of male students in the playground of St. Mary's Parochial School, causing minor injuries to several of the students.
On December 21, 1898 In New York City, New York, Samuel Jacobson, student at Grammar School 85, stabbed his 8-year-old classmate Hans Pietze with a pocketknife after he fell over the latters foot. Both students were said to have quarrelled often before.

On February 26, 1902 in Camargo, Illinois, teacher Fletcher R. Barnett shot and killed another teacher, Eva C. Wiseman, in front of her class at a school near Camargo, Illinois. After shooting at a pupil who came to help Miss Wiseman and wounding himself in a failed suicide attempt he waited in the classroom until a group of farmers came to lynch him. He then ran out of the school building, grabbed a shotgun from one of the farmers and shot himself, before running away and leaping into a well where he finally drowned. The incident was likely sparked by Wiseman's refusal to marry Barnett.

February 24, 1903 in Inman, South Carolina. Edward Foster, a 17-year-old student at Inman High school, was shot and fatally wounded by his teacher Reuben Pitts after he had jerked a rod from Pitts' hands to resist punishment. According to the teacher, Foster struck the pistol Pitts had drawn to defend himself, thus causing its discharge. Pitts was later acquitted of murder.

September 12, 1905 in Athens, Tennessee. Student Ernest Powers fatally stabbed his teacher Elbert Wattanbarger when he attempted to whip him for throwing stones.

On October 10, 1906 in Cleveland, Ohio Harry Smith shot and killed 22-year-old teacher Mary Shepard at South Euclid School after she had rejected him. Smith escaped and committed suicide in a barn near his home two hours later.

On March 11, 1908 in Boston, Massachusetts. Elizabeth Bailey Hardee is shot to death by Sarah Chamberlain Weed at the Laurens School, a finishing school in Boston. Weed then turns the gun on herself and commits suicide.

On March 23, 1907 in Carmi, Illinois George Nicholson shot and killed John Kurd at a schoolhouse outside of Carmi, Illinois during a school rehearsal. The motive for the shooting was Kurd making a disparaging remark about Nicholson's daughter during her recital.

April 15, 1908 in Asheville, North Carolina. Dr. C. O. Swinney shot and fatally wounded his 16-year-old daughter Nellie in a reception room at Normal and Collegiate Institute. He then committed suicide by shooting himself in the head.

On February 12, 1909 in San Francisco, California 10-year-old Dorothy Malakanoff was shot and killed by 49-year-old Demetri Tereaschinko as she arrived at her school in San Francisco. Tereaschinko then shot himself in a failed suicide attempt. Tereaschinko was reportedly upset that Malakanoff refused to elope with him.

On January 10, 1912 in Warrenville, Illinois Sylvester E. Adams shot and killed teacher Edith Smith after she rejected his advances. Adams then shot and killed himself. The incident took place in a schoolhouse about a mile outside of Warrenville after the students had been dismissed for the day.

On March 27, 1919 in Lodi Township, Michigan 19-year-old teacher Irma Casler was shot and killed in her classroom at Rentschler school in Lodi Township, Michigan by Robert Warner, apparently because she had rejected his advances.

On April 2, 1921 in Syracuse, New York. Professor Holmes Beckwith shot and killed dean J. Herman Wharton in his office at Syracuse University before committing suicide.

On June 7, 1925 in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, Oscar B. Turner, a professor of agronomy, is murdered by an axe-wielding assailant on the campus of Louisiana State University.

In May 1927- Bath School Tragedy- See above.

On February 15, 1933 in Downey, California Dr. Vernon Blythe shot and killed his wife Eleanor, as well as his 8-year old son Robert at Gallatin grammar school and committed suicide after firing three more shots at his other son Vernon. His wife, who had been a teacher at the school, had filed for divorce the week before.
September 14, 1934 in Gill, Massachusetts. Headmaster Elliott Speer was murdered by a shotgun blast through the window of his study at Northfield Mount Hermon School. The crime was never solved.

On December 12, 1935 in New York City, New York, Victor Koussow, a Russian laboratory worker at the School of Dental and Oral Surgery, shot Prof. Arthur Taylor Rowe, Prof. Paul B. Wiberg, and wounded Dr. William H. Crawford at Columbia Presbyterian Hospital, before committing suicide.

On April 27, 1936 in Lincoln, Nebraska, Prof. John Weller shot and wounded Prof. Harry Kurz in a corridor of the University of Nebraska, apparently because of his impending dismissal at the end of the semester. After shooting Kurz Weller tried to escape, but was surrounded by police on the campus, whereupon he killed himself with a shot in the chest.

On June 4, 1936 in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, Wesley Crow shot and killed his Lehigh University English instructor, C. Wesley Phy. Crow went to Phy's office and demanded that Mr. Phy change his grade to a passing mark. Crow committed suicide after shooting Phy.

September 24, 1937 in Toledo, Ohio. 12-year-old Robert Snyder shot and wounded his principal, June Mapes, in her office at Arlington public school when she declined his request to call a classmate. He then fled the school grounds and shot and wounded himself.

On February 24, 1939 in Los Angeles, California, 32-year-old drama student Anya Sosoyeva was bludgeoned to death by De Witt Clinton Cook on the campus of Los Angeles City College.

May 6, 1940 in South Pasadena, California. After being removed as principal of South Pasadena Junior High School, Verlin Spencer shot six school officials, killing five, before attempting to commit suicide by shooting himself in the stomach. He was later sentenced to five consecutive life sentences, and was released early on parole in 1970.

July 4, 1940 in Valhalla, New York. Angered by the refusal of his daughter, Melba Moshell, 15 years old, to leave a boarding school and return to his home, Joseph Moshell visited the school and shot and killed his daughter. He then shot himself in a failed suicide attempt.

On September 12, 1940 in Uniontown, Pennsylvania, 29-year-old teacher Carolyn Dellamea is shot to death inside her third grade classroom by 35-year-old William Kuhns. Kuhns then shot himself in the chest in a failed suicide attempt. Kuhns had reportedly been courting Dellamea for over a year but the relationship was ended when Dellamea discovered that Kuhns was already married.

On October 25, 1940 in Cincinnati, Ohio 10-year-old Clarence Stevens, a third grade pupil at Holy Name School, was stabbed to death inside a storeroom at the school by 27-year-old Guy Willie Ponder.

October 2, 1942 in New York City, New York/ Joseph Annunziata and Neil Simonelli shot and killed teacher Irwin Goodman at William J. Gaynor Junior High School after he had caught them smoking in a wash room. Neither Annunziata nor Simonelli was a student at the school.

May 28, 1943 in Brownsville, Pennsylvania. 16-year-old Ettra Cimagha is stabbed to death by 16-year-old Thomas Celestine during a fight at Brownsville Junior High School.

On May 9, 1944 in New York City, New York Nine-year-old Margaret Patton was attacked and killed at PS 119 in Harlem by two fellow students. One student held Patton's arms while the other stabbed her to death. Police later arrested 11-year-old Madeline Kirkland, who was charged with murder, and 13-year-old Eileen Foster, who was charged with juvenile delinquency.

June 6, 1947 in King William, Virginia. 17-year-old Linwood Johnson Regensburg is stabbed to death by 20-year-old Robert Edward Lee at a dance held at King William High School. Neither Regensburg nor Lee were students at the school.

On November 13, 1949 in Columbus, Ohio, Ohio State University freshman James Heer of Euclid, Ohio grabbed a .45 caliber handgun from the room of a Delta Tau Delta fraternity brother and shot and killed Jack McKeown, 21, of Norwood, Ohio, an Ohio State senior and fraternity brother.

On July 14, 1952 in New York City, New York, Bayard Peakes walked in to the offices of the American Physical Society at Columbia University and shot and killed secretary Eileen Fahey with a .22 caliber pistol. Peakes was reportedly upset that the APS had rejected a pamphlet he had written.

September 3, 1952 in Lawrenceville, Illinois. After 25-year-old Georgine Lyon ended her engagement with Charles Petrach, Petrach shot and killed Lyon in a classroom at Lawrenceville High School where she worked as a librarian.

October 2, 1953 in Chicago, Illinois. 14-year-old Patrick Colletta is shot to death by 14-year-old Bernice Turner in a classroom of Kelly High School in Chicago. It was reported that after Turner refused to date Colletta he handed her the gun and dared her to pull the trigger, telling her that the gun was “only a toy.” A coroner’s jury later ruled that the shooting was an accident.

December 8, 1953 in Aledo, Illinois. 26-year-old track coach George Marich was stabbed to death by 17-year-old student James Gipson in a hallway of Aledo High School. The stabbing occurred after Marich had removed Gipson and two other seniors from a study hall for creating a disturbance.

On May 15, 1954 in Chapel Hill, North Carolina, Putnam Davis Jr. was shot and killed during a fraternity house carnival at the Phi Delta Theta house at the University of North Carolina. William Joyner and Allen Long were shot and wounded during the exchange of gunfire in their fraternity bedroom. The incident took place after an all-night beer party. Mr. Long reported to the police that, while the three were drinking beer at 7 a.m., Davis pulled out a gun and started shooting with a gun he had obtained from the car of a former roommate.

On January 11, 1955 in Swarthmore, Pennsylvania. After some of his dorm mates urinated on his mattress Bob Bechtel, a 20-year-old student at Swarthmore College, returned to his dorm with a shotgun and used it to shoot and kill fellow student Holmes Strozier.

April 17, 1956 in New York City, New York. 18-year-old Henry Smith, a student at a Bronx vocational high school, is stabbed to death by 16-year-old Randolph Lawrence, a fellow student. The stabbing was reportedly sparked over a dispute about a basketball game.

May 1, 1958 in Massapequa, New York. 15-year-old freshman Timothy Wall is shot to death by fellow classmate Bruce Zator in a washroom of Massapequa High School.

On September 15, 1959 in Houston, Texas. The morning that Paul Orgeron's second-grade son is denied enrollment, he detonated an explosive on the school playground during recess, killing himself; his son, Dusty; a teacher; a custodian and two seven-year-old boys. The school principal and 18 students aged six to ten are injured, many seriously.

On February 2, 1960 in Hartford City, Indiana. Principal Leonard Redden shot and killed two teachers with a shotgun at William Reed Elementary School in Hartford City, Indiana, before fleeing into a remote forest, where he committed suicide.

February 19, 1960 in Wauseon, Ohio. Karen A. Smith, a 12-year-old junior high school student, is stabbed to death on a school bus. The assailant, identified as 14-year-old Douglas Konrath, fled the school bus but was arrested when he returned to the scene and attacked a deputy.

On June 7, 1960 in Blaine, Minnesota. Lester Betts, a 40-year-old mail-carrier, walked into the office of 33-year-old principal Carson Hammond and shot him to death with a 12-gauge shotgun.

On April 20, 1961 in Chicago, Illinois. Teacher Josephine Keane, 45, is sexually assaulted and stabbed to death inside a storeroom at Lewis-Champlin elementary school in Chicago. Lee Arthur Hester, a 14-year-old student, is later convicted of the murder and sentenced to 55 years in prison.

October 17, 1961 in Denver, Colorado. Tennyson Beard, 14, got into an argument with William Hachmeister, 15, at Morey Junior High School. During the argument Beard pulled out a .38 caliber revolver and shot at Hachmeister, wounding him. A stray bullet also struck Deborah Faith Humphrey, 14, who died from her gunshot wound. Beard was arrested after fleeing the school.

1966- Texas A&M- see above

On November 12, 1966 in Mesa, Arizona. Bob Smith, 18, took seven people hostage at Rose-Mar College of Beauty, a school for training beauticians. Smith ordered the hostages to lie down on the floor in a circle. He then proceeded to shoot them in the head with a 22-caliber pistol. Four women and a three-year-old girl died, one woman and a baby were injured but survived. Police arrested Smith after the massacre. Smith had reportedly admired Richard Speck and Charles Whitman.

September 26, 1967 in Dayton, Ohio. Thomas Prinz, a 21-year-old football coach at Wilbur Wright High School, is stabbed to death by 19-year-old Will Edward Dixon. The stabbing occurred when Prinz attempted to escort Dixon off the playing field. Dixon had been a student at the school but had dropped out after tenth grade.

January 30, 1968 in Miami, Florida. 16-year-old Blanche Ward shot and killed fellow student Linda Lipscomb, 16, with a .22-caliber pistol at Miami Jackson High School. According to Ward, she was threatened with a razor by Lipscomb during an argument over a fountain pen, and in the ensuing struggle the gun went off.

On February 8, 1968 in Orangeburg, South Carolina. In the days leading up to February 8, 1968, about 200 mostly student protesters gathered on the campus of South Carolina State University, located in the city of Orangeburg, to protest the segregation of the All Star Bowling Lane. The bowling alley was owned by the late Harry K. Floyd. That night, students started a bonfire. As police attempted to put out the fire, an officer was injured by a thrown piece of banister. The police said they believed they were under attack by small weapons fire. The officers fired into the crowd, killing three young men: Samuel Hammond, Delano Middleton, and Henry Smith, and wounding twenty-seven others.

May 22, 1968 in Miami, Florida. Ernest Lee Grissom, a 15-year-old student at Drew Junior High School, shot and seriously wounded a teacher and a 13-year-old student after he had been reprimanded for causing a disturbance.

September 12, 1968 in Hebron, Connecticut. A 17-year-old girl is stabbed to death by a 15-year-old boy in a corridor of RHAM High School. The boy was arrested by police after being restrained by 50 other students.

On January 17, 1969, in Los Angeles, California. Two student members of the Black Panther Party, Alprentice Carter and John Huggins, were fatally shot during a student meeting inside Campbell Hall at the University of California, Los Angeles. The motive of the shooting regarded who would own the school's African American Studies Center. The shooter, Claude Hubert, was never to be found but three other men were arrested in connection with the shooting.

November 19, 1969 in Tomah, Wisconsin. Principal Martin Mogensen is shot to death in his office by a 14-year-old boy armed with a 20 gauge shotgun.

On November 28, 1969 in State College, Pennsylvania, 22-year-old graduate student Betsy Aardsma is stabbed to death in the Pattee Library at the Pennsylvania State University in State College, Pennsylvania. Her killer is never apprehended.

On May 4, 1970 in Kent, Ohio. Ohio Army National Guard open fire on student protesters at Kent State University during an anti-Vietnam War/Cambodian Campaign rally, killing 4 and wounding 10. Much information is available about this tragedy, which can be found on the internet, including a song by Crosby Stills Nash and Young, titled Ohio.

On May 14–15, 1970 in Jackson, Mississippi. Police kill two and injure twelve students during student demonstrations against the Vietnam War.

On August 24, 1970 in Madison, Wisconsin. A bombing occurred on the University of Wisconsin–Madison campus. It was committed by four young people as a protest against the University's research connections with the US military during the Vietnam War. It resulted in the death of Robert Fassnacht, a university physics researcher, and severe injuries to four other building occupants.

February 1, 1971 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Samson L. Frredman, a 56-year-old art teacher, was shot to death by Kevin Simmons at Leeds Junior High School. Frredman had previously got Simmons suspended from school for cursing.

November 3, 1971 in Carlsbad, New Mexico. Michael O'Hearn barricaded himself in a storage tower of Carlsbad Mid-High School, in Carlsbad, New Mexico, for about two hours with two firearms. He fired about two dozen rounds at police officers, injuring one, before committing suicide.

In November 1971 in Grove, Oklahoma. Principal T.J. Melton is shot to death by James Underwood, a school custodian.

January 24, 1972 in Stow, Ohio. A 16-year-old student at Stow High School shot and wounded his chemistry teacher during an argument.

On January 30, 1974 in New Orleans, Louisiana, 20-year-old Paul Caldwell shot out several windows and held three students hostage, one of them for 45 minutes, in the library of Louisiana State University, before committing suicide.

On October 12, 1974 in Stanford, California, 19-year-old Arlis Perry was stabbed to death with an ice pick in Stanford Memorial Church on the grounds of Stanford University by an unknown assailant.

In Olean New York, on December 30, 1974, 17-year-old Anthony Barbaro, an honor student and member of the school's rifle team, barricaded himself on the 3'd floor of Olean High School, and began shooting. He had already shot a custodian he encountered when first entering the school. In all, 3 people were killed, and at least 11 more injured. One of the other two people killed in this shooting was 25 year old Carmen Wright, shot in the head in her car as she was only driving by the school. Eight of the wounded were Olean city firemen responding to a fire complaint at the school, (Barbaro pulled the fire alarm as he was entering the school, around the same time he shot the janitor.) Columbia Gas Co. employee Neal Pilon, 58, was shot while crossing the street outside of the school. What caused it? In a note explaining his motives Barbaro wrote:

"I guess I just wanted to kill the person I hate most -- myself, I just didn't have the courage. I wanted to die, but I couldn't do it, so I had to get someone to do it for me. It didn't work out."

On November 7, 1974, in New York City, New York, Gerald Melton stabbed 19-year-old Helen Surgan to death on the campus of Wagner College.

On January 17, 1974 in Chicago, Illinois 14-year-old Steven Guy, apparently angry about being transferred to a social adjustment center, entered Clara W. Barton Elementary School in Chicago with a revolver and a pistol and killed the principal and wounded three others before he was seized by a teacher when both his guns jammed.

On February 19, 1976 in Los Angeles, California. During a test Neil Liebeskind, a student at a Los Angeles computer school, opened fire at his fellow students with a shotgun, killing one of them and wounding several others. When trying to escape, he was apprehended by Howard Barnes, a security guard working with a television crew filming nearby. When he was told to drop his gun, Liebeskind fired a shot at Barnes, hitting him in the thigh. Barnes returned fire and hit the gunman twice in the chest, leaving him critically wounded. The shooting was apparently sparked, because of a dispute between Liebeskind and another student.

On July 12, 1976, at California State University, in Fullerton, California, 37-year-old Edward Charles Allaway, then a school custodian and later confirmed to have paranoid schizophrenia, killed seven people and wounded two others in the library basement, his schizophrenia having him convinced that his wife was in the commercial pornography videos that were being shown in the basement before and after school hours against school rules.

On November 10, 1976 in Detroit, Michigan, English teacher Betty McCaster, 46, was shot to death by her estranged husband in front of her first grade class at Burt Elementary School in northwest Detroit.
December 12, 1977 in Winter Garden, Florida. During an after-school meeting at West Orange High School to discuss his unwanted advances towards a 16-year-old girl, 41-year-old assistant principal Roosevelt Holloman pulled out a gun and shot principal Raymond Screws, 51, to death. Holloman also shot at two other school officials at the meeting but missed. Holloman then surrendered his gun to a janitor and waited until he was arrested. He was later convicted of first-degree murder.

January 4, 1978 in New York City, New York. Michael Kittrell, 15, is stabbed to death by another student at John Adams High School.

On January 15, 1978, in Tallahassee, Florida, Ted Bundy entered the Florida State University Chi Omega sorority house at approximately 3 a.m. and killed two sleeping women, Lisa Levy and Margaret Bowman. Bundy bludgeoned and strangled Levy and Bowman; he also sexually assaulted Levy. He also bludgeoned two other Chi Omegas, Karen Chandler and Kathy Kleiner. Bundy was a serial killer and had killed several other people before this event.

February 22, 1978 in Lansing, Michigan. Roger Needham, a 15-year-old student, shot two students at Everett High School. One of the students, 15-year-old Bill Draher, died of his gunshot wound.

May 18, 1978 in Austin, Texas. 13-year-old honor student John Christian, son of former press secretary under LBJ George Christian, entered an English classroom at Murchison Middle School armed with a .22 caliber rifle. He fatally shot his teacher, 29-year-old Rod Grayson, three times. Christian then fled the school building and dropped the rifle by a bicycle rack, before being wrestled against a fence by gym coach Larry Schirpik. Christian's attorney, Roy Minton, argued Christian was not guilty by reason of insanity, district attorney Ronnie Earle didn't object and the case was never tried. Unlike most juveniles of the era, Christian received treatment in a private mental health facility in Dallas his family paid for.

On August 18, 1978 in Stanford, California, Theodore Streleski murdered his mathematics professor, Karel deLeeuw at Stanford University by bludgeoning him with a ball-peen hammer. He was also found with a hit list containing deLeeuw's name.

On January 29, 1979, Brenda Ann Spencer posted herself by a window in her home and began randomly shooting at Grover Cleveland Elementary School across the street. The shooting began as children were waiting outside for principal Burton Wragg to open the gate. The shooting claimed the lives of Wragg and Mike Suchar and injured eight students and a police officer. Wragg was killed while trying to help the children, and Suchar was killed while trying to pull Wragg to safety. When asked why she committed the shooting Spencer replied, "I just did it for the fun of it. I don't like Mondays. This livens up the day. I have to go now. I shot a pig I think and I want to shoot more. I'm having too much fun.

On October 6, 1979 in Columbia, South Carolina, Mark Houston opens fire inside a dormitory where a party is taking place at the University of South Carolina, He kills two partygoers and injures five.
In December 1979 in Seattle, Washington, Roger Cutsinger, 21, fatally shot his roommate and lover, Larry Duerkson, hoping to collect $500,000 from Duerkson's life insurance policy in which Cutsinger was named beneficiary. Duerkson, a University of Washington library employee, was walking between Parrington Hall and the Henry Art Gallery when Cutsinger shot him. Cutsinger was later convicted of first-degree murder.
On April 17, 1981 in Ann Arbor, Michigan, psychology Major Leo Kelly set off several Molotov Cocktails into the hallway of Bursley Residence Hall at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, setting off the fire alarm. He then took a sawed-off shotgun from his room, and began firing shots at fleeing residents. Freshman Edward Siwik and resident advisor Douglas McGreaham would ultimately die from gunshot wounds. Kelly was found guilty on two murder counts, and was sentenced to life in prison.

On October 2, 1981 in Greenville, South Carolina. Henry Chiariello, a 30-year-old social studies teacher, is stabbed to death at Greenville High School by 18-year-old student Jewel Garrett.

On January 12, 1982 in Miami, Florida. Francisco Walker, 24, a sixth-grade teacher at Edison Middle School, is stabbed to death when he attempted to chase a teenaged trespasser off of the school grounds. 15-year-old Steven Wayne Holmes is later arrested and charged with first degree murder.

On March 19, 1982 in Las Vegas, Nevada. Clarence Piggott, a 55-year-old psychology and sociology teacher, was shot to death and two students were wounded by a high school senior who was later wounded by the police. The teacher was shot in the heart shortly before classes began at 8:00 a.m. at Valley High School.

On April 5, 1982 in Hot Springs, Arkansas, Kelvin Love, a student at Garland County Community College, killed an instructor and another student.

On April 7, 1982, Jason Rocha, then 14-years-old, shot and killed a classmate, 13-year-old Scott Michael Darwin, with a .22-caliber rifle. Rocha was charged as an adult and sentenced to 12-years in prison. This was at Deer Creek Middle School, in Littleton Colorado. Motive unknown.

On December 17, 1983 in Ithaca, New York, Non-student Su Yong Kim enters the Low Rise 7 dormitory and kills Cornell University freshmen Young Hee Suh and Erin Nieswand with a rifle.

On January 20, 1983, freshman David F. Lawler brought to Parkway South Middle School, in Manchester, Missouri, a duffel bag containing two family-owned .22 caliber pistols, and a murder/ suicide note that outlined his intention to kill the next person heard speaking ill of his brother Ken. He had received the 100 rounds of ammo used in the shooting as a gift for Christmas in 1982.

On December 16, 1983 in Rockford, Illinois. Michael Graham, a 15-year-old student at Boylan Central Catholic High School, shot and wounded his German teacher, Sharon Mundt, who had previously disciplined him for misbehaviour, in front of his class.

On February 24, 1984 in Los Angeles, California, at 2:23 p.m. 28-year-old Tyrone Mitchell began shooting at students leaving 49th Street Elementary School in Los Angeles with a 12-gauge shotgun and a rifle from a second-floor window of a building across the street. He killed a 10-year-old girl and wounded 11 other children, as well as a schoolyard supervisor and a passer-by. When police finally stormed the building they found Mitchell's body, who had killed himself with the shotgun. Mitchell had lost his parents, grandmother, brother and four sisters in the Jonestown massacre.

January 21, 1985 in Goddard, Kansas, 14 year old James Alan Kearbey, armed with a M1-A semiautomatic rifle and a .357-caliber handgun, kills principal and wounds 2 teachers and a student at his Goddard junior high school. Information on this particular incident seems to be very limited, however, one of the few articles I found on it was here:

James Alan Kearbey, 14 years old, was charged with first-degree murder. The police refused to discuss possible motives, but a teacher said the youth was a loner with a quick temper who was fascinated by weapons. The teen-ager was often teased by classmates, several people said, and recently had been beaten by two students in a locker-room fight, according to a neighbor. 

On August 12, 1985 in New York City, New York, student Van Hull shot one person dead, injured another four at the New York City Technical College and kept police at bay for about an hour, before being taken into custody. The shooting was apparently related to a dispute over financial aid.

On November 26, 1985 in Spanaway, Washington, Heather Smith fatally shot her ex-boyfriend Gordon Pickett and his friend Chris Ricco as they were leaving wrestling practice at Spanaway Junior High School. Smith committed suicide at the school several hours later during a standoff with sheriff's deputies.

On December 10, 1985 in Portland, Connecticut, 13-year-old student Floyd Warmsley fatally shot a school custodian, wounded the principal and school secretary, and held a student hostage with a rifle at Portland Junior High School in Portland, Connecticut after he had been suspended for refusing to take off his hat while in school. He was arrested after his aunt convinced him to surrender.

March 6, 1986 in Dolton, Illinois, a 14-year-old student shot and wounded his math teacher at Thornridge High School.

On May 16, 1986 in Cokeville, Wyoming, David Young, and his wife Doris Young, took 167 children and adults hostage at Cokeville Elementary School. After a two-and-a-half hour standoff, a gasoline bomb the couple was carrying went off prematurely, injuring Doris Young while David Young was out of the room. Returning to the scene, David Young shot his wife, and then himself. All the hostages escaped, though 79 were later hospitalized with burns and injuries.

On September 8, 1986 New Orleans, Louisiana. Cindy Marie Piccot entered the Coastal Training Institute and shot dead 20-year-old student Shamette Allen with a .38 caliber pistol before committing suicide. The motive for the shooting was revenge for an earlier attack in which Shamette Allen set Cindy Marie Piccot on fire.
September 18, 1986 in Benicia, California. Leonard Rubio shot his girlfriend, 15-year-old Heather Dunn, to death at Benicia High School after she told him that she wanted to break up with him.

On October 8, 1986 in Dallas, Texas, 16-year-old Cody Cobbins died after the older brother of a 17-year-old boy that Cobbins was arguing over a bus seat with fatally shot him.

On December 4, 1986 in Lewistown, Montana, 14-year old Kristofer Hans, angry over a failing grade, shoots and kills a substitute teacher for a French classroom, and then later wounded a vice principal and two students.

On March 2, 1987 in De Kalb, Missouri. After constant teasing and humiliation about his weight, Nathan Ferris armed himself with a pistol and killed a fellow student after he bullied him in class. He then turned the gun on himself.

On February 11, 1988 in Pinellas Park, Florida. Jason Harless and Jason McCoy, both students, brought stolen guns to Pinellas Park High School. They used them to kill principal Richard Allen and injure an assistant principal and an assistant physical education teacher. Harless received a gunshot wound from police and McCoy was arrested without injury. Both served prison terms.

On May 20, 1988 in Winnetka, Illinois Laurie Dann walked into a second grade classroom at Hubbard Woods Elementary School carrying a pistol and two revolvers and began shooting children, killing eight-year-old Nicholas Corwin and wounding five others before fleeing. She entered a nearby house where she had shot and wounded a 20-year-old man before killing herself.

August 31, 1988 in Anderson, South Carolina. Principal Dennis Ray Hepler, 35, was accosted by three young men on the grounds of West Franklin Elementary School. They robbed him of $67 before shooting him to death.

September 23, 1988 in Chicago, Illinois Armed with a .38 caliber pistol, 40-year-old Clemmie Henderson shot two people dead at an auto parts store and wounded a garbage man before entering Montefiore Special Elementary School where he killed a school custodian and a police officer. He wounded another police officer before he was shot and killed.

September 26, 1988 in Greenwood, South Carolina. James Wilson, 19, took a .22-caliber pistol to Oakland Elementary School where he shot and killed two students and injured seven other students and two teachers.

On December 16, 1988 in Virginia Beach, Virginia. Nicholas Elliott came to Atlantic Shores Christian School armed with a firearm an adult relative purchased for him. He shot two teachers, one fatally, before barging into a portable classroom full of students. The gun jammed and Elliott was tackled. When the teacher that tackled him demanded to know why, he said "They hate me. They make fun of me. They hit me."
January 17, 1989 in Stockton, California. Patrick Purdy shot and killed five schoolchildren, and wounded 29 other schoolchildren and one teacher on the playground of Cleveland Elementary School. The shooting ended with Purdy committing suicide.

In July 1989 in Seattle, Washington, Azizolla Mazooni shot and killed his ex-girlfriend, Marjan Mohseninia, and her friend, Abraham Sharif-Kashani, in the University of Washington parking lot. Mazooni had hired a private detective to locate Mohseninia, who was a summer student at the university. Mazooni was later convicted on two counts of second-degree murder.

On August 26, 1990 in Las Vegas, Nevada. Curtis Collins, a sophomore at Eldorado High School, shot and killed 16-year-old Donnie Lee Bolden inside the school cafeteria. Police said that the shooting was gang-related.

On September 21, 1990 in Houston, Texas. A 16-year-old girl fatally stabbed her classmate, 18-year-old Anthony Johnson, in the upper back with a hunting knife in a classroom at Jesse H. Jones High School, in Houston, Texas; Johnson later died at Ben Taub Hospital. The suspect was then placed in the Harris County Juvenile Probation Department. It was reported that the possible motive was the victim making an insulting comment about the suspect's clothing.

On January 8, 1991 in Richardson, Texas. Jeremy Wade Delle brought a .357 Magnum to Richardson High School and committed suicide in front of his class of about 30 students.

April 23, 1991 in Compton, California. A teenager aimed and fired a handgun at a security guard who had chased him and three friends off the grounds of Ralph J. Bunche Middle School. However, instead of hitting his intended target, the bullet struck 11-year-old bystander Alejandro Vargas, a student at the school, killing him.

On May 9, 1991 in Reserve, Louisiana, 19-year-old senior Debbie Morantes is stabbed to death by 16-year-old sophomore Brenda Carter inside the cafeteria of East St. John High School. Brenda Carter was convicted of second-degree murder two years later.

On September 30, 1991 in Indianapolis, Indiana, 17-year-old Bertram Bowman is stabbed to death in the cafeteria of Arlington High School, reportedly in a dispute over a girl. Police arrested 15-year-old Edward C. Ector after the attack.

On October 9, 1991 in New York City, New York, 17-year-old Tryon Whittaker was shot to death by another youth outside of James Monroe High School in The Bronx. The boys had reportedly got into an argument and Whittaker challenged the other youth to a fight. The youth then walked away but returned with a gun and shot Whittaker.

On November 1, 1991 in Iowa City, Iowa, After his dissertation did not win a certain academic award, Ph.D. physics student Gang Lu shot six people before committing suicide. Five were killed, including three professors. A student employee was paralyzed.

On November 14, 1991 in Houston, Texas, 18-year-old Francisco Contreras was shot four times in his feet and leg outside the cafeteria of Milby High School, in Houston, Texas, by a 16-year-old student, who was arrested afterward.

On May 1, 1992 in Olivehurst, California. Armed with a pistol, 20-year-old Eric Houston took hostages at his former high school, killing four people and wounding 10. His motive was his inability to find a good job because he had failed a grade at school. He was given the death penalty for the shooting.

On May 14, 1992 in Napa, California. Armed with a .357-caliber pistol, 14-year-old student John McMahan opened fire in a science classroom, wounding two.

On September 11, 1992 in Amarillo, Texas. Six students were shot at Palo Duro High School, all survived the shooting. Police later arrested 17-year-old Randy Earl Matthews and an unidentified 15-year-old boy in connection with the shooting.

On September 21, 1992 in New York City, New York, Damion Ennis, 15, is stabbed to death by a fellow student in a hallway of South Shore High School.

On October 12, 1992 in Lincoln, Nebraska. A 43-year old graduate student, Arthur McElroy, walked into an actuarial science class at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln and attempted to open fire on about 20 students with a .30-caliber, M-1 carbine. As students reacted by hitting the floor and pulling desks over their heads in anticipation, the gun jammed, and McElroy was apprehended. A court later found McElroy insane. He was taken to the Lincoln Regional Center's Forensic Mental Services unit in December 1992 and is still there as of 2009.

On December 14, 1992 in Great Barrington, Massachusetts, armed with an SKS carbine, 18-year-old Simon's Rock College of Bard student Wayne Lo killed a professor and a student and wounded several others. He was convicted of murder and sentenced to life imprisonment without parole.

On January 18, 1993 in Grayson, Kentucky, Scott Pennington shot and killed teacher Deanna McDavid and custodian Marvin Hicks after entering McDavid's classroom at East Carter High School. Pennington was later found guilty of the murders and sentenced to life imprisonment.

On February 1, 1993 in Amityville, New York, Shem S. McCoy, 17, shot two people, both cousins of his, at Amityville High School. One of those shot, Randel Artis, would die of his gunshot injuries. The three boys had apparently been engaged in a long running dispute.

On February 22, 1993 in Los Angeles, California, 15-year-old Robert Heard shot and killed 17-year-old Michael Shean Ensley in a corridor of Reseda High School.

On February 24, 1993 in New York City, New York, 15-year-old Angel Jimenez is stabbed to death by another 15-year-old student in a hallway of Junior High School 25. The stabbing was sparked by a dispute between the two boys over who owned a pair of sunglasses.

On March 18, 1993 in Harlem, Georgia, Edward Bryant Gillom, a freshman at Harlem High School, shot two fellow students, killing 15-year-old Ronrecas Gibson.

On July 8, 1993 in Ogden, Utah, 28-year old student Mark Duong shot and injured three people, one of them a Weber State police officer, at a grievance hearing at Weber State University before the injured officer was able to shoot him. Doung died at the scene.

On September 17, 1993 in Sheridan, Wyoming, 4 students of a physical education class were wounded at Central Middle School in Sheridan, Wyoming, when 29-year-old Kevin Newman fired at them with a handgun. He then committed suicide by shooting himself in the head. A suicide note found in Newman's motel room revealed that he was unhappy with his life and thought of himself as an evil person.

On December 1, 1993 in Wauwatosa, Wisconsin Leonard McDowell, a 21-year-old former student at Wauwatosa West High School, shot Associate Principal Dale Breitlow three times with a .44-cal. Taurus revolver in a second-floor hallway. McDowell was found guilty of the murder and sane at the time of the shooting. His life sentence was upheld by the state Court of Appeals in April, 1997.

On December 17, 1993 in Chelsea, Michigan, Steve Leith, a science teacher at Chelsea High School walked in to a staff meeting being held at the school and shot and killed the district superintendent and wounded the school principal and a teacher. Leith was then arrested by police.

On January 31, 1994 in Seattle, Washington, 24-year-old Darrell Cloud entered Whitman Middle School and shot his former teacher, 45-year-old Neal Summers, to death. Cloud would serve nine years in prison for the murder. The motive for the shooting was sexual abuse that was alleged to have been perpetrated by Summers against Cloud since Cloud was 13-years-old.

On March 23, 1994 in Seattle, Washington. A gang-related drive-by shooting outside Ballard High School resulted in the death of 16-year-old student Melissa Fernandes and the wounding of 17-year-old student Brent Mason. Police later arrested two men in connection with the shooting.

On March 25, 1994 in Cherokee County, Georgia, 15-year old Brian Head shot and killed himself during his high school economics class at Etowah High School. Head had been a longtime target for bullies because of his weight and thick glasses. His father, Bill, subsequently successfully lobbied for a law that criminalized bullying and required schools to alert parents of bullied children.

On May 26, 1994 in Union, Kentucky, Clay Shrout kills his mother, father, and two younger sisters before embarking a hostage situation in a trigonometry classroom.

On September 8, 1994 in Hollywood, California, Rolando Ruiz, 17, was shot dead on the campus of Hollywood High School. Police suspected that the shooting was gang-related.

On October 12, 1994 in Greensboro, North Carolina, Nicholas Atkinson, a 16-year old Grimsley High School student, returned to campus after being suspended. He proceeded to shoot and wound the assistant principal with a 9 mm handgun before committing suicide.

On October 25, 1994 in Mount Vernon, New York,17-year-old Shebule Jackson is stabbed to death by fellow student Hopeton Minott in a corridor of Mount Vernon High School.

On November 5, 1994 in San Leandro, California, 15-year-old Evelyna LeBlanc was shot in the head and raped on the playground of an elementary school by an unknown assailant, she died from her gunshot wound the next day. In 2007 DNA tests identified a suspect in the case.

On November 7, 1994 in Wickliffe, Ohio, 37-year-old Keith A. Ledeger, a former student, entered Wickliffe Middle School in Wickliffe, Ohio with a 12 gauge shotgun. He shot and killed a custodian and wounded the assistant principal, a teacher and a police officer before being arrested.
On January 5, 1995 in Washington, District of Columbia, 16-year-old Antar A. Hall is shot to death by a 14-year-old boy at the entrance of Cardozo High School.

On January 24, 1995 in Florissant, Missouri, 15-year-old Christine Smetzer is raped and beaten to death inside a washroom at McCluer North High School. Her attacker, Michael Taylor, is later sentenced to life imprisonment for the murder.

On January 26, 1995 in Chapel Hill, North Carolina, Wendell Williamson, a law student and schizophrenic, opened fire on Franklin Street with an M1 rifle, killing two and injuring two others, including a Chapel Hill police officer.

On May 28, 1995 in Cambridge, Massachusetts, Sinedu Tadesse stabbed her roommate, 20-year-old Trang Phuong Ho, to death with a hunting knife inside a dormitory at Harvard University. Tadesse also
attacked one of Ho's visiting friends, 26-year-old Thao Nguyen, severely injuring her as well. Tadesse then hanged herself.

On August 29, 1995 in Laredo, Texas, 12-year-old Jonah Iverson shot and killed a fellow student, 12-year-old Lizzy Rivera, in a washroom of Memorial Middle School.

On September 21, 1995 in Rochester, New York, 13-year-old Stephne Givens was fatally stabbed at Jefferson Middle School by a fellow student.

On October 12, 1995 in South Carolina. After being suspended for making an obscene gesture, 16-year-old Toby Sincino shot and injured a math teacher, then shooting and killing another math teacher before turning the gun on himself.

On November 15, 1995 in Lynnville, Tennessee. The Richland High School shooting occurred when 17-year-old Jamie Rouse walked into the school and shot two teachers in the head, killing one, armed with a .22 Remington Viper. He then fired at the assistant football coach but hit a 14-year-old freshman in the neck, killing her. Stephen Abbott was also charged with criminal responsibility for driving Rouse to school knowing he was armed and intended to shoot up his school.

On February 2, 1996 in Moses Lake, Washington. Armed with a high-powered hunting rifle and two handguns, 14-year-old Barry Loukaitis killed his algebra teacher and two students before taking hostages. He also shot a girl in the arm, who he released during the hostage situation. The incident ended when a teacher burst into the room and tackled him. Loukaitis is now serving life in prison.

On February 8, 1996 in Menlo Park, California, 16-year-old student Douglas Bradley drove his vehicle on the campus of Mid-Peninsula High School in Menlo Park, California, and fired at students with a .38-caliber revolver, hitting one in the leg with a bullet and causing injury to two others from shattered glass. Bradley then shot himself in the head, dying the next morning at Stanford University Medical Center.

On March 25, 1996 in Patterson, Missouri, 16-year-old student Will Futrelle was killed by an 18-year old and two 15-year old students at Mountain Park Baptist Academy, a rural Christian reform school.
On April 11, 1996 in Talladega, Alabama, 16-year-old student Steven L. Curry fatally shot 18-year-old student Bobby Roberson Jr. in the parking lot of Talladega High School.

On August 15, 1996 in San Diego, California, San Diego State University shooting. Frederick M. Davidson, shot Dr. Chen Liang, Dr. Constantinos Lyrintzis, and Dr. D. Preston Lowrey during a meeting at which he was to defend his master's thesis. He pleaded guilty to three counts of murder and is serving a life term in state prison.

On September 17, 1996 in University Park, Pennsylvania, 19 year old Jillian Robbins opened fire on students walking to classes at The Pennsylvania State University, killing one student and wounding another.

On September 25, 1996 in Scottdale, Georgia, David Dubose Jr. shot and killed 49-year-old English teacher Horace P. Morgan with a .38 caliber revolver in a corridor of DeKalb Alternative School. Dubose was then subdued by staff members.

On October 16, 1996 in West Lafayette, Indiana,Jay Severson, 27 a Wiley Hall counselor at Purdue University caught Jarrod Allen Eskew, 19 of Crawfordsville, Indiana cutting cocaine in his dorm room. Severson called the Purdue Police Department but when they arrived Eskew had fled. Eskew returned the next day at 2:50 pm with a sawed off 12-gauge shotgun while under the influence of both marijuana and cocaine. Eskew went to Severson's Wiley Hall dorm room and fatally shot Severson in the head. He then barricaded himself in his third floor dorm room. A janitor found the body a short time later. SWAT and police took up positions around Wiley Hall. Police evacuated Wiley Hall, attempted to negotiate, fired tear gas, and stormed the room to find Eskew had killed himself with the shotgun.

On June 28, 2000 in Seattle, Washington, Jian Chen entered the University of Washington Medical Center around 3:45 pm and went to the office of his former supervisor, 57-year-old Dr. Rodger Haggitt. Chen closed the door to Haggett's office and pulled out a gun and killed Haggett. Chen then turned the gun on himself and committed suicide.

On January 27, 1997 in West Palm Beach, Florida, 13-year-old Tronneal Mangum shot and killed another student, 14-year-old John Kamel, in front of Conniston Middle School. Mangum was reportedly upset that Kamel had failed to repay a $40 debt.

On February 19, 1997 in Bethel, Alaska. Armed with a pump-action 12 gauge shotgun, Evan Ramsey killed a student and the principal of Bethel High School, and wounded two others. He is now serving two 99-year prison sentences.

On April 28, 1997 in Cumberland County, New Jersey, 16-year-old student Nielsa Mason is beaten to death by fellow student Peter Henriques inside the boys’ locker room at Cumberland Regional High School.
On October 1, 1997 in Pearl, Mississippi, 16-year-old Luke Woodham stabbed and beat his mother to death, then took a .30-.30 lever-action deer hunting rifle to Pearl High School where he shot into a crowd of students, killing his ex-girlfriend Christina Menefee and her friend Lydia Kay Dew and wounded seven other students. The incident was ended when Vice Principal Joel Myrick took his personal .45 Colt handgun out of his vehicle and brandished it at Woodham. Woodham later claimed that he did not remember killing his mother.

On October 22, 1997 in Norwalk, California, Khoa Truc Dang entered the school of his ex-girlfriend, Catherine Tran, and shot her dead. He then committed suicide.

On December 1, 1997 in West Paducah, Kentucky, Michael Carneal, a 14-year old freshman at Heath High School in West Paducah, Kentucky, opened fire on a prayer circle at his school killing three students and injuring five.

On December 15, 1997 in Stamps, Arkansas, 14-year old Joseph Todd launched a sniper attack at his school that left two students wounded.

On March 24, 1998 in Jonesboro, Arkansas, 13-year-old Mitchell Johnson and 11-year-old Andrew Golden set off the fire alarm in their Jonesboro school and then, from the woods, open fire on classmates and teachers as they flee the building. Four female students and a teacher are killed, with nine other students and a teacher being wounded in the incident.

On April 24, 1998 in Edinboro, Pennsylvania, 14-year-old Andrew J. Wurst went to the school graduation dance where he shot and killed a popular science teacher. He subsequently opened fire on more students, wounding another teacher and two classmates before he ran out of ammunition.

On May 19, 1998 in Fayetteville, Tennessee. Three days before graduation, 18-year-old Jacob Davis shoots and kills a 17-year old student in the parking lot of his school after a dispute regarding his girlfriend.
On May 21, 1998 in Springfield, Oregon, Kip Kinkel opened fire with a .22 rifle at Thurston Senior High School, killing two students and wounding 25 before being tackled by a wounded student. His parents were later found at home, murdered by Kinkel. He is now serving 111 years in prison without parole.

On January 8, 1999 in Carrollton, Georgia, 17-year-old Jeff Miller fatally shot his girlfriend, 15-year-old Andrea Garrett, and then killed himself in a suicide pact at Central High School in Carrollton, Georgia.
On February 11, 1999 in Elgin, Illinois,a masked gunman shot and killed 14-year-old Hugo Rodriguez at the Ombudsman Education Services alternative education center. It was reported that police thought this shooting to be gang-related. Rickey L. Quezada was later arrested for the crime and convicted of first-degree murder.

On April 20, 1999 in Jefferson County, Littleton, Colorado, the Columbine High School massacre. Two teenage students, Eric Harris—carrying a carbine rifle and a sawed-off pump-action shotgun—and Dylan Klebold—carrying a TEC-9 pistol and a sawed-off 12 gauge double-barreled shotgun—shot and killed 12 students and a teacher, and injured 21 other students and a teacher at Columbine High School. Two more students and a teacher were injured escaping. Ten of the 12 students killed were shot at nearly point-blank range while hiding under tables in the school library in seven minutes by the two shooters. Both were armed with numerous pipe bombs, napalm, knives, and other homemade explosives. Two propane time bombs (which only one partially detonated) were set in the school cafeteria. After their rampage, Harris and Klebold died of self-inflicted gunshot wounds to the head. Both are believed to have committed suicide
simultaneously and both bodies were found in the back of the library together. Columbine High School is located in the Columbine CDP of Jefferson County, near the cities of Denver and Littleton.

In May 1999 in Port Huron, Michigan. A 12-year-old, 13-year-old and two 14-year-olds, all boys, planned to outdo Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold at Holland Woods Middle School. They planned to hold up a gun store and then attack the school. Once there, they planned to rape some of the girls and shoot as many as 154 targets which they had drawn up on a list. They had stolen a building plan from the custodian's office but they were all caught within a day of a classmate's report to an assistant principal.

On May 3, 1999 in Costa Mesa, California, Steven Allen Abrams purposefully drove his car onto the playground of Southcoast Early Childhood Learning Center. He killed two children and injured four other children and an adult. Abrams later stated that he thought the deaths of the children would silence the voices that he thought the US government was beaming into his brain.

On May 20, 1999 in Conyers, Georgia, 15-year old T.J. Solomon, armed with a .22-caliber rifle and a handgun, opened fire at Heritage High School, wounding six students.

On May 26, 2000 in Lake Worth, Florida. One teacher, Barry Grunow, had been shot and killed at Lake Worth Middle School by 13-year old Nate Brazill with .25-caliber semiautomatic pistol on the last day of classes. Brazill was convicted of the murder and sentenced to twenty-five years in prison.

On October 19, 2000 in New York City, New York, 12-year-old Anthony Haynes is stabbed to death in the cafeteria of Canarsie High School. Two 16-year-old students were arrested for the crime. It was suspected that the stabbing was gang-related.

On October 20, 1999 in Houston, Texas, Estanislao Balderas, 14, stabbed a 13-year-old boy named Samuel Avila in the head with a screwdriver in a fight at Deady Middle School. Samuel Avila died. Balderas was arrested and prosecuted.

On November 19, 1999 in Deming, New Mexico, 12-year old Victor Cordova Jr. dressed in camouflage and shot 13-year old Araceli Tena. Tena died a day later.

On December 6, 1999 in Fort Gibson, Oklahoma, 13-year old Seth Trickey armed himself with a 9 mm semiautomatic handgun and opened fire of 15 rounds at Fort Gibson Middle School, injuring four classmates.

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