Sunday, May 18, 2014

Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps Inc.

A class act.

Hi Resolution

Anthonie Jacobsz Theunisz: Pascaert vande Carybes, Nieu Neder landt, Brazil, de Flaemsche en Soute Eylanden; en de landen daer ontrent gelegen

Title: Pascaert vande Carybes, Nieu Neder landt, Brazil, de Flaemsche en Soute Eylanden; en de landen daer ontrent gelegen
Map Maker: Anthonie Jacobsz Theunisz
Place / Date: Amsterdam / 1650
Coloring: Uncolored
Size: 22 x 17 inches
Condition: VG
Price: $2,400.00
Inventory ID: 33102
Description: Highly Important early separately issued chart of the Western Atlantic and contiguous parts of the Northeastern US and Northern South America, published by Anthonie Jacobsz Theunisz in Amsterdam.

This attractive sea chart assumes the perspective of the westward direction facing upwards and embraces the Western Atlantic Ocean from the Canaries and Azores, in the east, to the eastern reaches of the American continents. It features North America from Delaware up to and including Newfoundland, the West Indies from Hispaniola through to the Barbados, and South America from eastern Colombia through to Pernambuco, Brazil.

Cartographically, the depiction of the Mid-Atlantic region, New England and eastern Canada is novel and distinct. The depiction of the American coasts running from the Delaware River to Cape Cod departs from the portrayal commonly used on contemporary Dutch charts that were largely derived from Adiaen Block’s maps of 1614. On the present chart, Long Island is more correctly shown to have an elongated (as opposed to bulbous) form, while Narragansett Bay is shown to correctly open to the south (whereas the Block maps show the mouth of the bay to be sheltered by an island). The Hudson and the Connecticut Rivers are shown to be of exaggerated width, likely as a point of visual emphasis on their utility for inland travel, as opposed to being an accurate depiction of their breadth. Colom likely had access to a variety of Dutch sources emanating from the activities of the Dutch West India Company (the VOC). As a result of its control of the colony of New Netherlands, the VOC controlled the region extending roughly from modern Delaware to Connecticut, holdings which they would maintain until the English conquest of New Amsterdam (New York) in 1664.

Colom’s depiction of Atlantic Canada and Northern New England is likewise interesting. The coasts of Massachusetts Bay and the Gulf of Maine roughly follow the outline shown on John Smith’s 1616 map. The overall shape of the Gulf and estuary of St. Lawrence is roughly derived from Samuel de Champlain’s 1632 map, but is not a precise copy. Likewise, while not a clear case of duplication, the Nova Scotian peninsula is shown to take on a more bulbous form, akin to that shown on Sir William Alexander Stirlings’ 1625 map. Newfoundland assumes a block-like from, in line with recent English cartography, notably John Mason’s 1625 map.

Further south, the depiction of the eastern Caribbean is relatively conventional for the time, and shows the WIC’s direct experience in the region, having recently settled a number of islands, including CuraƧao and Saint Martin. The coasts of South America prominently feature the mouths of the Amazon and Orinoco rivers. The mapping of Northeastern Brazil is derived from WIC maps disseminated by Caspar Barlaeus during the recent Dutch hegemony over the region (the Portuguese only managed to evict the Dutch from the region in 1654, the year before this map was issued).

Theunisz's chart was published in response to the commercial success of Blau's West Indischen Pasckaert, as a means of offering the same map in sheets, which could also be bound into an atlas. Theunisz map was the progenitor of an entire series of maps which covered the same region, including Colom (1656), Doncker( 1659), Van Loon (1661), Colom (1663), Goos (1666), Doncker (1672), De Wit (1675), Robihn (1683) and Loots (1707).

Theunisz charts are very rare on the market. This is only the second example we have offered in 20 years.

Condition Description: Minor discoloration in top margin, just entering printed image

Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps Inc.

Hi Resolution

William Faden: Plan of the Operations of General Washington, against the King's Troops in New Jersey, from the 26th of December 1776, to the 3d. January 1777, by William Faden

Title: Plan of the Operations of General Washington, against the King's Troops in New Jersey, from the 26th of December 1776, to the 3d. January 1777, by William Faden
Map Maker: William Faden
Place / Date: London / 1777
Coloring: Hand Colored
Size: 16 x 12 inches
Condition: VG+
Price: $24,500.00
Inventory ID: 33748

Description: Fine early color example of Faden's plan of the American Revolutionary War Battles of December 1776 and January 1777, including Washington's crossing of the Delaware River, on Christmas Day, 1776, one of the most important early battles of the American Revolution.

Published just weeks after the last of the battles, Faden's plan depicts a roughly 400 square-mile area of New Jersey and northern Pennsylvania. It documents key events of the Trenton-Princeton operation, including the crossing of the Delaware on December 25, 1776, the attack on Colonel Rall’s force at Trenton on the December 26, 1776, Cornwallis’ rush south from Fort Lee, and Washington’s end-around to hit Cornwallis’ flank at Princeton on January 2-3, 1777.

Faden’s plan appeared only three months after the battles and probably just a few weeks after the news reached London. It is hard to overstate the impact it must have had on the British elite, who after the capture of New York had anticipated a swift and successful conclusion to the war.

The map illustrates the Theater of War northeast of the Delaware River, depicting two important early American victories, which helped gain critical support and momentum for the American Revolution.

By late 1776, Washington's forces had been defeated in Boston and overwhelmed in New York by the British Navy, whose massive invasion of the city forced the Americans on the defensive. In December, 1776, the British had seized Newport, Rhode Island. By this time, the British Commander-in-Chief, Sir William Howe, had launched a successful invasion of New Jersey, which forced Washington to retreat to his winter quarters at Newtown, Pennsylvania, shown on the left side of Faden's map.

Washington realized that many troops would not renew their service contracts which were set to expire at year's end and that dramatic action was required to turn the tide. On Christmas Day, while the British troops and Hessian mercenaries were celebrating the holiday, Washington, as noted by Faden's annotation "parade of the troops on the evening of the 25th of Decr. 1776," marched his troops to the banks of the Delaware River and in a scene immortalized in Emanuel Leutze's iconic painting Washington Crossing the Delaware (1851), led his force of 2,400 across the river at "McKenky's Ferry," near Trenton, which was held by a force of 1,400 Hessians under Col. Johann Rall.

As illustrated by Faden, Washington divided his force into two prongs, one commanded by John Sullivan and the other by Nathaniel Greene. The two forces attacked and defeated the Hessians, with Faden noting the casualties by regiment, rank and role in the table "Loss of Trenton."

On December 30th, a British force under Lord Cornwallis attacked the Americans at Trenton, but failed to retake the town. Washington left a token force in the town to light numerous campfires, fooling Cornwallis into thinking that Washington had decided to make a stand in Trenton. In reality, over the next couple of days the Americans stealthily moved most of their forces around the British positions. Washington dispatched a force under Greene to proceed up the main highway leading into Princeton, with the objective of diverting the British from being able to check a larger force under Sullivan which was to attack the town from the west.

In all 4,600 American troops were to advance upon a British force. Greene's advance brigade under Col. Hugh Mercer encountered formidable resistance from a British line under Col. Charles Mawhood. While Mercer was killed and Mawhood broke the American lines, the British were unable to hold the town from Sullivan's force. On January 3, 1777, the American's seized the British headquarters at Nassau Hall at the College of New Jersey (now Princeton). The Princeton to Maidenhead battle casualties are noted by Faden.

Cornwallis realized that he had been tricked and tried to move his force towards Princeton, but was delayed as the key bridge over Stoney Creek had been sabotaged by the Americans. The Americans withdrew from Princeton to Somerset Courthouse (now Millstone), while the British retreated through a deserted Princeton to the relative security of New Brunswick. In sum, Washington's bold strategy had succeeded in restoring the morale of his force, who had survived the massive British invasion to carry the Revolution into the next campaign season and preserved the cause long enough to demonstrate allow the Americans to continue appealing to the French for support during 1777, which would lead to France's recognition of the United States in February 1778 and Britain's declaration of War on France in March 1778.

The present example is the second state of the map, with the names Middle Town, Allens Town and Kings Town shown as two words (each was treated as 1 word in the first edition), and the road north from Bristol identified as "High Road from Philadelphia."

References: Guthorn, British Maps of the American Revolution, 145/18; Nebenzahl, Atlas of the American Revolution, map 15; Nebenzahl, A Bibliography of Printed Battle Plans of the American Revolution, 119; Stevens & Tree, 'Comparative Cartography,' 36(a).

Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps Inc.

Hi Resolution

J.B. Eliot / Louis Joseph Mondhare: Carte du Theatre de la Guerre actuel entre les Anglais et les Trieze Colonies Unies de l'Amerique Septentrionale dresse par J.B. Eliot Aide de Camp du General Washington ou se trouvent les Principaux Camps et les Epoques des Combats qui se sont donnes dans cette partie de l'Amerique 1781.

Title: Carte du Theatre de la Guerre actuel entre les Anglais et les Trieze Colonies Unies de l'Amerique Septentrionale dresse par J.B. Eliot Aide de Camp du General Washington ou se trouvent les Principaux Camps et les Epoques des Combats qui se sont donnes dans cette partie de l'Amerique 1781.

Map Maker: J.B. Eliot / Louis Joseph Mondhare
Place / Date: Paris / 1781
Coloring: Outline Color
Size: 27.5 x 21.5 inches
Condition: VG+
Price: $18,500.00
Inventory ID: 34512bb

Description: Fine example of J. B. Eliot's map of the United States, the first state of which is generally regarded as the earliest map to include the title "United States'' on a printed map, with additional annotations in a contemporary hand.

The present example is the second state of the map, with details of the battles fought during the American Revolution from the "Affaire de Bunker hill 17, Juin", 1775 to the "Camp du General Washington" in 1781, with a manuscript additions below it noting the "Surrender of L. Cornwallis 19 Cot. at York river."

Eliot's map, which was drawn from American sources not previously utilized on any printed map, is generally regarded as the first printed map to bear the name of the United States (''Etats Unis''). The map translates from the French as "Map of the Actual Seat of War between the English and the Thirteen Colonies' of North America, as described by J.B. Eliot, an 'Engineer of the United States'." As noted by Ristow:

A highlight of 1778 was the French declaration of alliance with the Americans on May 4. This led immediately to French mapping of the American War of Independence, and that year "Carte de Theatre de la Guerre actuel entre les Anglais et les trieze Colonies Unies de l'Amerique Septentrionale" (Plate 122) by J.B. Eliot, an American Engineer, was published in Paris. It is the earliest known map to include the name "United States. . . ."

In an excellent essay on the map by Margaret Pritchard and Henry Taliaferro (Degrees of Latitude, Map 58), the importance of the map and Eliot, its mysterious maker are discussed at greater length.

The MAP of the theater of war between Great Britain and America by J.B. Eliot is important because of its title, les Trieze Colonies Unies de l'Amerique Septentrionale, may include the first reference on a map to the United States. The cartographer was identified as Ingenieurs des Etats Unis. On November 15, 1777, the Continental Congress selected "The United States of America," as the name of the thirteen colonies that formed a government under the Articles of Confederation. One month later, French authorities learned of the victory at Saratoga and decided to recognize American independence. By January 8, French foreign minister, Charles Gravier, Comte de Vergennes, informed American envoys that France was ready to engage in an alliance. It is not surprising that the name United States was first mentioned on a map published in Paris in 1778.

Although the second state of the map referred to Eliot as an aide-de-campe to General Washington, no references to him have been located in the Washington papers. It is also curious that he did not indicate on the map the General's 1777 winter headquarters at Valley Forge, mispelled Walay Forge. What Eliot did illustrate were the lines of march taken by the British and American forces during the campaign in 1777, including Lieutenant Colonel Barry St. Ledger's unsuccessful diversionary expedition down the Mohawk Valley, Burgoyne's march from Crown Point to Albany, and Howe's campaign to take Philadelphia.

As was usually the case, Eliot appears to have borrowed from several sources in compiling the geography. Some areas were designated by French place-names while others are predominantly English, specifically in the northwestern territories that the French knew best. It is clear they were aware of the latest intelligence relating to the Revolutionary War.

In the second state of the map, Eliot's title is changed from "Ingenieurs des Etats Unis" to "Aide de Camp du General Washington." While Ristow speculated that J.B. Eliot may have been a liason between General Washington and France, there is no record of any military officer of this name serving in such capacity in the Department des Cartes et Plans in the Bibliotheque Nationale de France.

One of the most curious elements of the map is the spelling of the name "Walay Forge." George Washington first arrived at Valley Forge on December 19, 1777 and maintained it as his headquarters until June 19, 1778. On the First-State of the Eliot-Mondhare map, the name appears as "Walay Forge", with no further explanation. It is curious that any reference to this location would appear on the map at all, as it was generally not considered to be a place important enough to make it onto a small-scale map until it was made famous by the war. The mispelling suggests that the map was published relatively shortly after the news of the battle reached Paris, as the misspelling could not have lasted long.

The news of the location of Valley Forge (and indeed an appreciation of its importance) likely reached Paris in the late spring of 1778. Mondhare may well have added it to the plate in haste without fully understanding its significance. Curiously, it is placed on the wrong side of the Schuykill River, an error corrected on this second state of the map.

It is curious that both the the map also refers to Saratoga as "Saharatoga", a misspelling that also used on Brion de La Tour's map of the Theater of War and in the separate portraits of Gen. Horatio Gates published by Mondhare and Esnauts & Rapilly (both Paris, 1778). This error is repeated in the state of the map.

The present map also refers "Royal Block House," as "Royal Blanck [or Blanek] House," a curious error for this important military feature on the shores of Lake Oneida, New York. A similar error appears on Brion De La Tour's map, which uses the name "Royal Black House" - clearly done by someone who has a limited understanding of English.

The present example of the map is the second state of the map, which includes a slightly revised title and significant additions, primarily in New Jersey and Pennsylvania, in the area around Valley Forge and Trenton.

Both states of the map are very rare. We can find no record of the second state of the map appearing on the market at auction or a dealer catalogue. The first state of the map last appeared at a Sotheby's London auction in 1998, where the map was described as one of only 6 known examples. AMPR notes no examples on the market in the past 30 years in dealer catalogs.

Condition Description: Wide margins. Includes manuscript annotations in an English hand.

References: Pritchard and Taliaferro, Degrees of Latitude, #58. Schwartz and Ehrenberg, The Mapping of America, plate 122; Phillips, Maps of America, 859; McCorkle (New England in Early Printed Maps) 781.6 (first issue illustrated), and Seller and Van Ee 735.

Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps Inc.

Hi Resolution

William Faden / Charles Stedman: A Plan of the Operations of the King's Armey under the Command of General Sr. William Howe, K.B. in New York and East New Jersey, against the American Forces Commanded By General Washington, From the 12th of October to the 28th of November 1776 . . .

Title: A Plan of the Operations of the King's Armey under the Command of General Sr. William Howe, K.B. in New York and East New Jersey, against the American Forces Commanded By General Washington, From the 12th of October to the 28th of November 1776 . . .

Map Maker: William Faden / Charles Stedman
Place / Date: London / 1793
Coloring: Hand Colored
Size: 28 x 20 inches
Condition: VG
Price: $2,200.00
Inventory ID: 25869
Description: Fine example of the Stedman edition of Faden's map of the Battle of New York, first published in London in 1777.

The map illustrates Howe's New York campaign, with the landing on Long Island, the victory in the battle of Long Island, and pursuit of the American forces north to Fort Washington.  Faden's map was frequently revised as the campaign progressed, this being the fifth and final state, showing the American retreat northwards to Fort Washington.

Faden's map illustrates and important early battle during the American Revolution, when the American success and resolve were far from certain.   The map was drawn from the work of a British military engineer, Claude Joseph Sauthier, who participated in the campaigns.

Nebenzahl calls the map one of the "most informative" of all the early Revolutionary War battle plans. It was printed in London a remarkably short period of time after the events depicted on it transpired—a matter of just a few months.

The plan shows the period when the American army, still hurting from its defeat on Manhattan Island in September of 1776, was retreating to Westchester. The vastly superior British forces were in pursuit, looking for the opportunity to crush the Americans army and end the war.  The campaign involved complex amphibious landings by the British in the Bronx and Westchester, reprising the type of maneuvers that led to the overwhelming success of the British in the Battle of Brooklyn.

Faden's map depicts the various campaigns of October and November 1776 in northern Manhattan, lower Westchester, and New Jersey. “It is the most accurate published delineation of the movements of the armies of Washington and Howe in Westchester, from the time of the British landing through November 28, particularly focusing on the Battle of White Plains.“ (Nebenzahl, Atlas).   Clearly delineated are British and Hessian troop landings in the area of Mamaroneck, Larchmont, New Rochelle, Pelham Manor, and the Bronx. Also shown is Cornwallis’ capture of Fort Lee and the beginning of his pursuit of Washington’s army through New Jersey that would end in Washington’s storied crossing of the Delaware River.

The Battle of White Plains, could easily have ended the war, as Washington had massed most of his army.  The battle was fought to a relative standstill, due to the skill of American soldiers fighting from good defensive positions and to the disinclination of General Howe to aggressively pursue the engagement after early successes.  The British failed to consolidate their gains and Washington's Army lived to fight another day.

Stedman's map is published from the same copperplate as the 5th edition of Faden's, with the addition of the reference to Stedman's History of the American War and a revised date (April 12th, 1793).

Condition Description: Minor toning.

References: Nebenzahl, K. Atlas, Map 13; Nebenzahl, Bibliography, no. 101; Stevens & Tree 45a in Tooley, America, p. 78.

Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps Inc.

Hi Resolution

Andrew Ellicott: PLAN of the City of Washington in the Territory of Columbia. ceded by the States of VIRGINIA and MARYLAND to the United States of America … [First Official Plan of Washington]

Title: PLAN of the City of Washington in the Territory of Columbia. ceded by the States of VIRGINIA and MARYLAND to the United States of America … [First Official Plan of Washington]

Map Maker: Andrew Ellicott
Place / Date: Philadelphia / 1792
Coloring: Uncolored
Size: 27.5 x 22.5 inches
Condition: VG
Price: $27,500.00
Inventory ID: 33396mb
Description: Nice example of Andrew Ellicott's seminal Plan of Washington, the first official map of the City of Washington, future capital of the United States.

The site of the permanent American capital remained unsettled for years after the US gained its independence from Great Britain. Prior to 1790 Congress met variously at Philadelphia, Lancaster and York, Pennsylvania; Annapolis and Baltimore, Maryland; Princeton and Trenton, New Jersey; and New York City. The location of the permanent capital was not confirmed until the Residence Act of 1790, which provided for a district not more than 10 miles square along the Potomac River “at some place between the mouths of the Eastern Branch and the Connogocheague.” Passage of the Act was made possible by the “Compromise of 1790,” in which southern states agreed to back Hamilton’s plan for federal assumption of state debts in return for the latter’s support for locating the capital along the Potomac.

In January 1791, President Washington announced that the capital district would be a diamond-shaped tract, 10 miles per side, roughly centered on the confluence of the Potomac and Eastern Branch (Anacostia) Rivers. Andrew Ellicott was engaged to conduct a topographical survey of the area, while Pierre L’Enfant was hired to develop a plan for the capital city itself. L’Enfant was a French artist and engineer who had served as a volunteer during the Revolution and was sufficiently well connected that he had been asked to design the seal for the Society of the Cincinnati. He was brilliant but difficult, so much so that Washington eventually fired him in 1792 and engaged Andrew Ellicott to complete the project. Ellicott, in turn, used L’Enfant’s design as the basis for his plan of the city.

Ellicott forwarded his manuscript plan to the firms of Thackara & Vallance in Philadelphia and Samuel Hill in Boston. They were engaged to engrave and publish the plan as quickly as possible, in order that it might be distributed to facilitate the sale of land in the new city. Before publishing the large-scale “official” plans, each firm released smaller versions, which appeared as plates in The Universal Asylum And Columbian Magazine (Thackara & Vallance, published March 1792) and the Massachusetts Magazine (Hill, May 1792). The proofs of this large-scale, “official” plan were not ready until the summer of that year.

This boldly-engraved plan preserves L'Enfant's vision of a grand capital on the European model, with broad avenues, large public squares and dramatic sightlines, all designed to make the most of the site’s topography and its splendid riverside setting. The intent was to convey the grandeur and permanence of the national government—which at the time was all of three years old, boasted a bureaucracy of perhaps 200 employees, and rested on a Constitution that was feared as much as it was venerated. This vision was ultimately realized, but few would have predicted it at the time. In 1792, the site was humid, swampy and fetid and would remain so for years, and its grand buildings rose in the midst of a sea of mud.

Of the 2 official plans, the Thackara & Vallance is the grandest version of the Plan, being considerably larger than Hill's plan and arguably the better engraved and more visually appealing of the two.

Condition Description: Expertly repaired horizontal tear, entering from the center left. Minor discoloration at the top margin
References: Miller, Washington in Maps, p. 44. Wheat and Brun, Checklist of Maps Printed in America before 1800, #531.

Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps Inc.

Hi Resolution

Alexander Robertson: New York From Hobuck Ferry House New Jersey (Rare View of New York City)

Title: New York From Hobuck Ferry House New Jersey (Rare View of New York City)
Map Maker: Alexander Robertson
Place / Date: London / 1802
Coloring: Hand Colored
Size: 18.5 x 14 inches
Condition: VG+
Price: $7,500.00
Inventory ID: 34233

Description: Fine early view of New York City from the Hoboken Ferry in New Jersey, and engraved by Francis Jukes in London.

Originally issued as one of a set of four, the views being New York from Hobuck Ferry, Mount Vernon, Passaic Falls, and Hudson River near West Point. Only one complete set is known to exist and it is in the I. N. Phelps Stokes collection of the New York Public Library.

Scottish-born painter Alexander Robertson (1772-1841) and his brother Archibald Robertson (1765-1835) were founders of the city's first art school, the Columbia Academy. Francis Jukes (1745-1812) was a talented engraver, primarily aquatint, and publisher based in London.

In 1609, Henry Hudson’s ship, the Half Moon, took harborage in Hoboken Cove, by the border of Weehawken, where the navigator noted the island and its green serpentine rock. Hudson and his crew were the first Europeans known to have seen Hoboken, but soon after, others followed, including Peter Stuyvesant, the Dutch governor of Manhattan, who bought all the land between the Hackensack and Hudson rivers in 1658.

More than a hundred years later, in 1783, the "island" was purchased by Colonel John Stevens for 18,360 pounds sterling and settled under the name Hoboken. Stevens created a Ferry service in 1821, so the present view significantly pre-dates this service.

Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps Inc.

Hi Resolution

August Kollner: New-York Bay and the Narrows

Title: New-York Bay and the Narrows
Map Maker: August Kollner
Place / Date: New York / 1850
Coloring: Uncolored
Size: 12 x 8 inches
Condition: VG+
Price: $345.00
Inventory ID: 30862

Description: Fine early view of New York Bay, showing the Verrazano Narrows, with Brooklyn and Staten Island in the distance, from August Kollner's portofolio of views of America, published by Goupil, Vilbert & Co., 1848-1851.

The view appeared in August Kollner's "Views of American Cities," a scarce series of 54 plates that was published between 1848 to 1851 by Goupil, Vibert of New York & Paris with the printing done in Paris by Deroy and Cattier.

These prints are known for their high quality printing. In 1944 Helen Comstock wrote that this series is outstanding as to the geographical coverage, architectural detail and attractiveness of composition through the introduction of figures and vehicles.

Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps Inc.

Hi Resolution

John Bornet: Panorama of Manhattan Island, City of New York and Environs

Title: Panorama of Manhattan Island, City of New York and Environs.
Map Maker: John Bornet
Place / Date: New York / 1854
Coloring: Hand Colored
Size: 36.5 x 23.5 inches
Condition: VG
Price: $12,500.00
Inventory ID: 36437

Description: Fine large format panoramic view of New York City, published in New York.

Drawn from nature & on stone by John Bornet. Printed by Nagel & Weingartner, N.Y. Forty-seven locations noted above the title, and twenty-four locations in the top margin are identified.

Bornet's fine view features Manhattan and a sweeping view from the West, with New Jersey in the foreground, Manhattan in the Center and Brooklyn, Westchester County, Long Island and Staten Island in the distance.

Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps Inc.

Hi Resolution

Illustrated London News: New York From Bergen Hill : Hoboken
Title: New York From Bergen Hill : Hoboken
Map Maker: Illustrated London News
Place / Date: London / 1876
Coloring: Uncolored
Size: 50 x 22.5 inches
Condition: VG
Price: $1,800.00
Inventory ID: 35760

Description: Large and detailed view of New York City issued in the year of America's centennial as an "extra supplement" to the Illustrated London News.

The view is taken from across the River on Bergen Hill, and shows Central Park, the early stages of urban expansion on the Upper East Side and Upper West Side and an early snapshot of the construction of the Brooklyn Bridge, where the two towers on either side of the River have been completed, but there is no progress shown yet connecting the towers across the east River.

New York is depicted as a busy port city, with a variety of boats active in the Hudson and East Rivers. Brooklyn, Queens and Northern New Jersey are also shown.

Condition Description: Fold splits and minor tears, expertly repaired on verso. Archivally backed for support.

Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps Inc.

No comments: